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Title: Modeling the Effect of Reactive Oxygen Species and CTL Immune Response on HIV Dynamics
Individuals infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are under oxidative stress due to the imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and elimination. This paper presents a mathematical model with the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) immune response to examine the role of ROS in the dynamics of HIV infection. We classify the equilibria of the model and study the stability of these equilibria. Numerical simulations show that incorporating ROS and CTL immune response into the model leads to very rich dynamics, including bistable phenomena and periodic solutions. Although the current antiretroviral therapy can suppress viral load to the undetectable level, it cannot eradicate the virus. A high level of ROS may be a factor for HIV persistence in patients despite suppressive therapy. These results suggest that oxidative damage and anti-oxidant therapy should be considered in the study of HIV infection and treatment.  more » « less
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International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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