skip to main content


Title: A viscoelastic Timoshenko beam: Model development, analysis, and investigation
Vibrations are ubiquitous in mechanical or biological systems, and they are ruinous in numerous circumstances. We develop a viscoelastic Timoshenko beam model, which naturally captures distinctive power-law responses arising from a broad distribution of time-scales presented in the complex internal structures of viscoelastic materials and so provides a very competitive description of the mechanical responses of viscoelastic beams, thick beams, and beams subject to high-frequency excitations. We, then, prove the well-posedness and regularity of the viscoelastic Timoshenko beam model. We finally investigate the performance of the model, in comparison with the widely used Euler–Bernoulli and Timoshenko beam models, which shows the utility of the new model.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2012291
NSF-PAR ID:
10354323
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Mathematical Physics
Volume:
63
Issue:
6
ISSN:
0022-2488
Page Range / eLocation ID:
061509
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Fabric draping, which is referred to as the process of forming of textile reinforcements over a 3D mold, is a critical stage in composites manufacturing since it determines the fiber orientation that affects subsequent infusion and curing processes and the resulting structural performance. The goal of this study is to predict the fabric deformation during the draping process and develop in-depth understanding of fabric deformation through an architecture-based discrete Finite Element Analysis (FEA). A new, efficient discrete fabric modeling approach is proposed by representing textile architecture using virtual fiber tows modeled as Timoshenko beams and connected by the springs and dashpots at the intersections of the interlaced tows. Both picture frame and cantilever beam bending tests were carried out to characterize input model parameters. The predictive capability of the proposed modeling approach is demonstrated by predicting the deformation and shear angles of a fabric subject to hemisphere draping. Key deformation modes, including bending and shearing, are successfully captured using the proposed model. The development of the virtual fiber tow model provides an efficient method to illustrate individual tow deformation during draping while achieving computational efficiency in large-scale fabric draping simulations. Discrete fabric architecture and the inter-tow interactions are considered in the proposed model, promoting a deep understanding of fiber tow deformation modes and their contribution to the overall fabric deformation responses. 
    more » « less
  2. Abstract This article presents a novel derivation for the governing equations of geometrically curved and twisted three-dimensional Timoshenko beams. The kinematic model of the beam was derived rigorously by adopting a parametric description of the axis of the beam, using the local Frenet–Serret reference system, and introducing the constraint of the beam cross ection planarity into the classical, first-order strain versus displacement relations for Cauchy’s continua. The resulting beam kinematic model includes a multiplicative term consisting of the inverse of the Jacobian of the beam axis curve. This term is not included in classical beam formulations available in the literature; its contribution vanishes exactly for straight beams and is negligible only for curved and twisted beams with slender geometry. Furthermore, to simplify the description of complex beam geometries, the governing equations were derived with reference to a generic position of the beam axis within the beam cross section. Finally, this study pursued the numerical implementation of the curved beam formulation within the conceptual framework of isogeometric analysis, which allows the exact description of the beam geometry. This avoids stress locking issues and the corresponding convergence problems encountered when classical straight beam finite elements are used to discretize the geometry of curved and twisted beams. Finally, this article presents the solution of several numerical examples to demonstrate the accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed theoretical formulation and numerical implementation. 
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    A beam element is constructed for microtubules based upon data reduction of the results from atomistic simulation of the carbon backbone chain of‐tubulin dimers. The database of mechanical responses to various types of loads from atomistic simulation is reduced to dominant modes. The dominant modes are subsequently used to construct the stiffness matrix of a beam element that captures the anisotropic behavior and deformation mode coupling that arises from a microtubule's spiral structure. In contrast to standard Euler–Bernoulli or Timoshenko beam elements, the link between forces and node displacements results not from hypothesized deformation behavior, but directly from the data obtained by molecular scale simulation. Differences between the resulting microtubule data‐driven beam model (MTDDBM) and standard beam elements are presented, with a focus on coupling of bending, stretch, shear deformations. The MTDDBM is just as economical to use as a standard beam element, and allows accurate reconstruction of the mechanical behavior of structures within a cell as exemplified in a simple model of a component element of the mitotic spindle.

     
    more » « less
  4. Mathematical analysis of the well known model of a piezoelectric energy harvester is presented. The harvester is designed as a cantilever Timoshenko beam with piezoelectric layers attached to its top and bottom faces. Thin, perfectly conductive electrodes are covering the top and bottom faces of the piezoelectric layers. These electrodes are connected to a resistive load. The model is governed by a system of three partial differential equations. The first two of them are the equations of the Timoshenko beam model and the third one represents Kirchhoff’s law for the electric circuit. All equations are coupled due to the piezoelectric effect. We represent the system as a single operator evolution equation in the Hilbert state space of the system. The dynamics generator of this evolution equation is a non-selfadjoint matrix differential operator with compact resolvent. The paper has two main results. Both results are explicit asymptotic formulas for eigenvalues of this operator, i.e., the modal analysis for the electrically loaded system is performed. The first set of the asymptotic formulas has remainder terms of the order O ( 1 n ) , where n is the number of an eigenvalue. These formulas are derived for the model with variable physical parameters. The second set of the asymptotic formulas has remainder terms of the order O ( 1 n 2 ) , and is derived for a less general model with constant parameters. This second set of formulas contains extra term depending on the electromechanical parameters of the model. It is shown that the spectrum asymptotically splits into two disjoint subsets, which we call the α -branch eigenvalues and the θ -branch eigenvalues. These eigenvalues being multiplied by “i” produce the set of the vibrational modes of the system. The α -branch vibrational modes are asymptotically located on certain vertical line in the left half of the complex plane and the θ -branch is asymptotically close to the imaginary axis. By having such spectral and asymptotic results, one can derive the asymptotic representation for the mode shapes and for voltage output. Asymptotics of vibrational modes and mode shapes is instrumental in the analysis of control problems for the harvester. 
    more » « less
  5. The interaction of flexible structures with viscoelastic flows can result in very rich dynamics. In this paper, we present the results of the interactions between the flow of a viscoelastic polymer solution and a cantilevered beam in a confined microfluidic geometry. Cantilevered beams with varying length and flexibility were studied. With increasing flow rate and Weissenberg number, the flow transitioned from a fore-aft symmetric flow to a stable detached vortex upstream of the beam, to a time-dependent unstable vortex shedding. The shedding of the unstable vortex upstream of the beam imposed a time-dependent drag force on the cantilevered beam resulting in flow-induced beam oscillations. The oscillations of the flexible beam were classified into two distinct regimes: a regime with a clear single vortex shedding from upstream of the beam resulting in a sinusoidal beam oscillation pattern with the frequency of oscillation increasing monotonically with Weissenberg number, and a regime at high Weissenberg numbers characterized by 3D viscoelastic instabilities where the frequency of oscillations plateaued. The critical onset of the flow transitions, the mechanism of vortex shedding and the dynamics of the cantilevered beam response are presented in detail here as a function of beam flexibility and flow viscoelasticity. 
    more » « less