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Title: A map of diffuse radio emission at 182 MHz to enhance epoch of reionization observations in the Southern hemisphere

We present a broad-band map of polarized diffuse emission at 167–198 MHz developed from data from the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). The map is designed to improve visibility simulation and precision calibration for 21 cm Epoch of Reionization (EoR) experiments. It covers a large swath – 11 000 sq. deg. – of the Southern hemisphere sky in all four Stokes parameters and captures emission on angular scales of 1–9°. The band-averaged diffuse structure is pre-dominantly unpolarized but has significant linearly polarized structure near RA  = 0 h. We evaluate the accuracy of the map by combining it with the GLEAM catalogue and simulating an observation from the MWA, demonstrating that the accuracy of the short baselines (6.1–50 wavelengths) now approaches the accuracy of the longer baselines typically used for EoR calibration. We discuss how to use the map for visibility simulation for a variety of interferometric arrays. The map has potential to improve calibration accuracy for experiments such as the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array and the forthcoming Square Kilometre Array as well as the MWA.

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Award ID(s):
1643011 1613855 1506024 1835421
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
p. 2011-2024
Oxford University Press
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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