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Title: Magnetization–structure–composition phase diagram mapping in Co-Fe-Ni alloys using diffusion multiples and scanning Hall probe microscopy

Transition metal alloys are essential for magnetic recording, memory, and new materials-by-design applications. Saturation magnetization in these alloys have previously been measured by conventional techniques, for a limited number of samples with discrete compositions, a laborious and time-consuming effort. Here, we propose a method to construct complete saturation magnetization diagrams for Co–Fe–Ni alloys using scanning Hall probe microscopy (SHPM). A composition gradient was created by the diffusion multiple technique, generating a full combinatorial materials library with an identical thermal history. The composition and crystallographic phases of the alloys were identified by integrated energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and electron backscatter diffraction. “Pixel-by-pixel” perpendicular components of the magnetic field were converted into maps of saturation magnetization using the inversion matrix technique. The saturation magnetization dependence for the binary alloys was consistent with the Slater-Pauling behavior. By using a significantly denser data point distribution than previously available, the maximum of the Slater-Pauling curve for the Co–Fe alloys was identified at ~ 32 at% of Co. By mapping the entire ternary diagram of Co–Fe–Ni alloys recorded in a single experiment, we have demonstrated that SHPM—in concert with the combinatorial approach—is a powerful high-throughput characterization tool, providing an effective metrology platform to advance the search for more » new magnetic materials.

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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Nature Publishing Group
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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