The sensitivity of urban canopy air temperature (
The formation and evolution of postsolitons has been discussed for quite some time both analytically and through the use of particleincell (PIC) codes. It is however only recently that they have been directly observed in laserplasma experiments. Relativistic electromagnetic (EM) solitons are localised structures that can occur in collisionless plasmas. They consist of a lowfrequency EM wave trapped in a low electron numberdensity cavity surrounded by a shell with a higher electron numberdensity. Here we describe the results of an experiment in which a 100 TW Ti:sapphire laser (30 fs, 800 nm) irradiates a
 Award ID(s):
 1903098
 NSFPAR ID:
 10362639
 Publisher / Repository:
 IOP Publishing
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
 Volume:
 63
 Issue:
 7
 ISSN:
 07413335
 Page Range / eLocation ID:
 Article No. 074001
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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