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Title: Strengthened Causal Connections Between the MJO and the North Atlantic With Climate Warming

While the Madden‐Julian oscillation (MJO) is known to influence the midlatitude circulation and its predictability on subseasonal‐to‐seasonal timescales, little is known how this connection may change with anthropogenic warming. This study investigates changes in the causal pathways between the MJO and the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO) within historical and SSP585 simulations of the Community Earth System Model 2‐Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (CESM2‐WACCM) coupled climate model. Two data‐driven approaches are employed, namely, the STRIPES index and graphical causal models. These approaches collectively indicate that the MJO's influence on the North Atlantic strengthens in the future, consistent with an extended jet‐stream. In addition, the graphical causal models allow us to distinguish the causal pathways associated with the teleconnections. While both a stratospheric and tropospheric pathway connect the MJO to the North Atlantic in CESM2‐WACCM, the strengthening of the MJO‐NAO causal connection over the 21st century is shown to be due exclusively to teleconnections via the tropospheric pathway.

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Award ID(s):
1749261 1934668
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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