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Title: Parsimonious Velocity Inversion Applied to the Los Angeles Basin, CA
Abstract

The proliferation of dense arrays promises to improve our ability to image geological structures at the scales necessary for accurate assessment of seismic hazard. However, combining the resulting local high‐resolution tomography with existing regional models presents an ongoing challenge. We developed a framework based on the level‐set method that infers where local data provide meaningful constraints beyond those found in regional models ‐ for example the Community Velocity Models (CVMs) of southern California. This technique defines a volume within which updates are made to a reference CVM, with the boundary of the volume being part of the inversion rather than explicitly defined. By penalizing the complexity of the boundary, a minimal update that sufficiently explains the data is achieved. To test this framework, we use data from the Community Seismic Network, a dense permanent urban deployment. We inverted Love wave dispersion and amplification data, from the Mw 6.4 and 7.1 2019 Ridgecrest earthquakes. We invert for an update to CVM‐S4.26 using the Tikhonov Ensemble Sampling scheme, a highly efficient derivative‐free approximate Bayesian method. We find the data are best explained by a deepening of the Los Angeles Basin with its deepest part south of downtown Los Angeles, along with a steeper northeastern basin wall. This result offers new progress toward the parsimonious incorporation of detailed local basin models within regional reference models utilizing an objective framework and highlights the importance of accurate basin models when accounting for the amplification of surface waves in the high‐rise building response band.

 
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Award ID(s):
2011079 2011107
NSF-PAR ID:
10367725
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume:
127
Issue:
2
ISSN:
2169-9313
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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