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Title: Paternal imprinting of dosage-effect defective1 contributes to seed weight xenia in maize

Historically, xenia effects were hypothesized to be unique genetic contributions of pollen to seed phenotype, but most examples represent standard complementation of Mendelian traits. We identified the imprinteddosage-effect defective1(ded1) locus in maize (Zea mays) as a paternal regulator of seed size and development. Hypomorphic alleles show a 5–10% seed weight reduction whended1is transmitted through the male, while homozygous mutants are defective with a 70–90% seed weight reduction.Ded1encodes an R2R3-MYB transcription factor expressed specifically during early endosperm development with paternal allele bias. DED1 directly activates early endosperm genes and endosperm adjacent to scutellum cell layer genes, while directly repressing late grain-fill genes. These results demonstrate xenia as originally defined: Imprinting ofDed1causes the paternal allele to set the pace of endosperm development thereby influencing grain set and size.

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Nature Publishing Group
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Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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