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Title: Discovery of Graphene‐Water Membrane Structure: Toward High‐Quality Graphene Process
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Award ID(s):
1928788 2105126
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Advanced Science
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
Article No. 2201336
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. Heterojunction nanohybrids based on low-dimension semiconductors, including colloidal quantum dots (QDs) and 2D atomic materials (graphene, transition metal chalcogenides, etc) provide a fascinating platform to design of new photonic and optoelectronic devices that take advantages of the enhanced light-solid interaction attributed to their strong quantum confinement and superior charge mobility for uncooled photodetectors with a high gain up to 1010. In these heterojunction nanohybrids, the van der Waals (vdW) interface plays a critical role in controlling the optoelectronic process including exciton dissociation by the interface built-in field that drives the follow-up charge injection and transport to graphene. In this paper, we present our recent progress in development of such heterostructures nanohybrids for uncooled infrared detectors including PbS and FeS2 QDs/graphene and 2D vdW heterostructures MoTe2/Graphene/SnS2 and GaTe/InSe. We have found that nonstoichiometric Fe1–xS2 QDs (x = 0.01–0.107) with strong localized surface plasmonic resonance (LSPR) can have much enhanced absorption in broadband from ultraviolet to short-wave infrared (SWIR, 1–3 μm). Consequently, the LSPR Fe1–xS2 QDs/graphene heterostructure photodetectors exhibit extraordinary photoresponsivity in exceeding 4.32 ×106 A/W and figure-of-merit detectivity D* < 7.50 ×1012 Jones in the broadband of UV–Vis–SWIR at room temperature. The 2D vdW heterostructures allows novel designs of interface bandmore »alignments with uncooled NIR-SWIR D* up to 1012 Jones. These results illustrate that the heterostructure nanohybrids provide a promising pathway for low-cost, printable and flexible infrared detectors and imaging systems.« less