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Title: Luminescence from Self‐Trapped Excitons and Energy Transfers in Vacancy‐Ordered Hexagonal Halide Perovskite Cs 2 HfF 6 Doped with Rare Earths for Radiation Detection

Compared to halides Cs2HfX6(X = Cl, Br, I) with a vacancy‐ordered cubic double perovskite structure, the halide Cs2HfF6(CHF), with a hexagonal Bravais lattice, possesses a higher mass density and chemical stability for radiation detection. Luminescence properties and energy transfer mechanisms of rare‐earths‐doped CHF materials are studied here. The structure of CHF is identified as a new type of vacancy‐ordered hexagonal perovskite, with the same type of building blocks of the double perovskite but stacked with single layers. Density‐functional theory calculations reveal a large bandgap of CHF. A broad emission is observed from the pristine CHF host, which is suggested to be associated with self‐trapped excitons (STEs). A series of rare‐earths‐doped materials are designed utilizing the STE emissions, and efficient energy transfers from STEs and Tb3+to Eu3+are achieved for tunable emissions. The codoped material shows stable emission under X‐ray irradiation, with 10.2% reduction from its initial emission intensity, associated with possible structural evolution by radiation‐induced deformation of the soft host. The radiation responses of singly and codoped materials are evaluated, and the codoped material is found to be more sensitive to the radiation energy than the singly doped or pristine CHF for radiation detection.

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Award ID(s):
1900837 1626376
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Optical Materials
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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