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Title: How is New England Coastal Sea Level Related to the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26° N?
Abstract

Monthly observations are used to study the relationship between the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) at 26° N and sea level (ζ) on the New England coast (northeastern United States) over nonseasonal timescales during 2004–2017. Variability inζis anticorrelated with AMOC on intraseasonal and interannual timescales. This anticorrelation reflects the stronger underlying antiphase relationship between ageostrophic Ekman‐related AMOC transports due to local zonal winds across 26° N andζchanges arising from local wind and pressure forcing along the coast. These distinct local atmospheric variations across 26° N and along coastal New England are temporally correlated with one another on account of large‐scale atmospheric teleconnection patterns. Geostrophic AMOC contributions from the Gulf Stream through the Florida Straits and upper‐mid‐ocean transport across the basin are together uncorrelated withζ. This interpretation contrasts with past studies that understoodζand AMOC as being in geostrophic balance with one another.

 
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Award ID(s):
1657853 1634886 1805029
NSF-PAR ID:
10374398
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume:
46
Issue:
10
ISSN:
0094-8276
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 5351-5360
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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