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Title: Intrinsic (Trap‐Free) Transistors Based on Epitaxial Single‐Crystal Perovskites

The first experimental realization of the intrinsic (not dominated by defects) charge conduction regime in lead‐halide perovskite field‐effect transistors (FETs) is reported. The advance is enabled by: i) a new vapor‐phase epitaxy technique that results in large‐area single‐crystalline cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) films with excellent structural and surface properties, including atomically flat surface morphology, essentially free from defects and traps at the level relevant to device operation; ii) an extensive materials analysis of these films using a variety of thin‐film and surface probes certifying the chemical and structural quality of the material; and iii) the fabrication of nearly ideal (trap‐free) FETs with characteristics superior to any reported to date. These devices allow the investigation of the intrinsic FET and (gated) Hall‐effect carrier mobilities as functions of temperature. The intrinsic mobility is found to increase on cooling from ≈30 cm2V−1s−1at room temperature to ≈250 cm2V−1s−1at 50 K, revealing a band transport limited by phonon scattering. Establishing the intrinsic (phonon‐limited) mobility provides a solid test for theoretical descriptions of carrier transport in perovskites, reveals basic limits to the technology, and points to a path for future high‐performance perovskite electronic devices.

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Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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