In this study, a 13 degrees of freedom (DOFs) three-dimensional (3D) human arm model and a 10 DOFs 3D robotic arm model are used to validate the grasping force for human-robot lifting motion prediction. The human arm and robotic arm are modeled in Denavit-Hartenberg (DH) representation. In addition, the 3D box is modeled as a floating-base rigid body with 6 global DOFs. The human-box and robot-box interactions are characterized as a collection of grasping forces. The joint torque squares of human arm and robot arm are minimized subjected to physics and task constraints. The design variables include (1) control points of cubic B-splines of joint angle profiles of the human arm, robotic arm, and box; and (2) the discretized grasping forces during lifting. Both numerical and experimental human-robot liftings were performed with a 2 kg box. The simulation reports the human arm’s joint angle profiles, joint torque profiles, and grasping force profiles. The comparisons of the joint angle profiles and grasping force profiles between experiment and simulation are presented. The simulated joint angle profiles have similar trends to the experimental data. It is concluded that human and robot share the load during lifting process, and the predicted human graspingmore »
In this paper, an optimization-based dynamic modeling method is used for human-robot lifting motion prediction. The three-dimensional (3D) human arm model has 13 degrees of freedom (DOFs) and the 3D robotic arm (Sawyer robotic arm) has 10 DOFs. The human arm and robotic arm are built in Denavit-Hartenberg (DH) representation. In addition, the 3D box is modeled as a floating-base rigid body with 6 global DOFs. The interactions between human arm and box, and robot and box are modeled as a set of grasping forces which are treated as unknowns (design variables) in the optimization formulation. The inverse dynamic optimization is used to simulate the lifting motion where the summation of joint torque squares of human arm is minimized subjected to physical and task constraints. The design variables are control points of cubic B-splines of joint angle profiles of the human arm, robotic arm, and box, and the box grasping forces at each time point. A numerical example is simulated for huma-robot lifting with a 10 Kg box. The human and robotic arms’ joint angle, joint torque, and grasping force profiles are reported. These optimal outputs can be used as references to control the human-robot collaborative lifting task.
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- ASME 2021 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
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- National Science Foundation
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