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Title: Experimental testing of a control barrier function on an automated vehicle in live multi-lane traffic
This paper experimentally tests an implementation of a control barrier function (CBF) designed to guarantee a minimum time-gap in car following on an automated vehicle (AV) in live traffic, with a majority occurring on freeways. The CBF supervises a nominal unsafe PID controller on the AV’s velocity. The experimental testing spans two months of driving, of which 1.9 hours of data is collected in which the CBF and nominal controller are active. We find that violations of the guaranteed minimum time-gap are observed, as measured by the vehicle’s on-board radar unit. There are two distinct causes of the violations. First, in multi-lane traffic, Cut-ins from other vehicles represent external disturbances that can immediately violate the minimum guaranteed time gap provided by the CBF. When cut-ins occur, the CBF does eventually return the vehicle to a safe time gap. Second, even when cut-ins do not occur, system model inaccuracies (e.g., sensor error and delay, actuator error and delay) can lead to violations of the minimum time-gap. These violations are small relative to the violations that would have occurred using only the unsafe nominal control law.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
2022 2nd Workshop on Data-Driven and Intelligent Cyber-Physical Systems for Smart Cities Workshop (DI-CPS)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
31 to 35
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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