Abstract In this paper we consider a spatial discretization scheme with an adaptive grid for the Nagumo PDE and establish the existence of travelling waves. In particular, we consider the time dependent spatial mesh adaptation method that aims to equidistribute the arclength of the solution under consideration. We assume that this equidistribution is strictly enforced, which leads to the nonlocal problem with infinite range interactions that we derived in Hupkes and Van Vleck (J Dyn Differ Eqn, 2021). Using the Fredholm theory developed in Hupkes and Van Vleck (J Dyn Differ Eqn, 2021) we setup a fixed point procedure that enables the travelling PDE waves to be lifted to our spatially discrete setting.
Travelling Waves for Adaptive Grid Discretizations of Reaction Diffusion Systems I: WellPosedness
Abstract In this paper we consider a spatial discretization scheme with an adaptive grid for the Nagumo PDE. In particular, we consider a commonly used time dependent moving mesh method that aims to equidistribute the arclength of the solution under consideration. We assume that the discrete analogue of this equidistribution is strictly enforced, which allows us to reduce the effective dynamics to a scalar nonlocal problem with infinite range interactions. We show that this reduced problem is wellposed and obtain useful estimates on the resulting nonlinearities. In the sequel papers (Hupkes and Van Vleck in Travelling waves for adaptive grid discretizations of reaction diffusion systems II: linear theory; Travelling waves for adaptive grid discretizations of reaction diffusion systems III: nonlinear theory) we use these estimates to show that travelling waves persist under these adaptive spatial discretizations.
 Award ID(s):
 1714195
 Publication Date:
 NSFPAR ID:
 10385436
 Journal Name:
 Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations
 Volume:
 34
 Issue:
 2
 Page Range or eLocationID:
 1505 to 1599
 ISSN:
 10407294
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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Abstract In this paper we consider an adaptive spatial discretization scheme for the Nagumo PDE. The scheme is a commonly used spatial mesh adaptation method based on equidistributing the arclength of the solution under consideration. We assume that this equidistribution is strictly enforced, which leads to the nonlocal problem with infinite range interactions that we derived in Hupkes and Van Vleck (J Dyn Differ Equ 28:955, 2016). For small spatial gridsizes, we establish some useful Fredholm properties for the operator that arises after linearizing our system around the travelling wave solutions to the original Nagumo PDE. In particular, we perform a singular perturbation argument to lift these properties from the natural limiting operator. This limiting operator is a spatially stretched and twisted version of the standard second order differential operator that is associated to the PDE waves.

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