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Title: Hydraulic integrity of plant organs during drought stress and recovery in herbaceous and woody plant species

The relationship between root, stem, and leaf hydraulic status and stomatal conductance during drought (field capacities: 100–25%) and drought recovery was studied in Helianthus annuus and five tree species (Populus×canadensis, Acer saccharum, A. saccharinum, Picea glauca, and Tsuga canadensis). Measurements of stomatal conductance (gs), organ water potential, and vessel embolism were performed and the following was observed: (i) cavitation only occurred in the petioles and not the roots or stems of tree species regardless of drought stress; (ii) in contrast, all H. annuus organs exhibited cavitation to an increasing degree from root to petiole; and (iii) all species initiated stomatal closure before cavitation events occurred or the expected turgor loss point was reached. After rewatering: (i) cavitated vessels in petioles of Acer species recovered whereas those of P. ×canadensis did not and leaves were shed; (ii) in H. annuus, cavitated xylem vessels were refilled in roots and petioles, but not in stems; and (iii) despite refilled embolisms in petioles of some species during drought recovery, gs never returned to pre-drought conditions. Conclusions are drawn with respect to the hydraulic segmentation hypothesis for above- and below-ground organs, and the timeline of embolism occurrence and repair is discussed.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Experimental Botany
Medium: X Size: p. 1039-1058
["p. 1039-1058"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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