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Title: Improved correlations for the unstretched laminar flame properties of iso-octane/air mixtures
The unstretched laminar flame speed (LFS) plays a key role in engine models and predictions of flame propagation. It is also an essential parameter in the study of turbulent combustion and can be directly used in many turbulent combustion models. Therefore, it is important to predict the laminar flame speed accurately and efficiently. Two improved correlations for the unstretched laminar flame speed, namely improved power law and improved Arrhenius form correlations, are proposed for iso-octane/air mixtures in this study, using simulated results for typical operating conditions for spark-ignition engines: unburned temperatures of 300-950 K, pressures of 1-120 bar, and equivalence ratios of 0.6-1.5. The original data points used to develop the new correlations were obtained using the detailed combustion kinetics for iso-octane from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The three coefficients in the improved power law correlation were determined using a methodology different from previous approaches. The improved Arrhenius form correlation employs a function of unburned gas temperature to replace the flame temperature, making the expression briefer and making the coefficients easier to calculate. The improved Arrhenius method is able to predict the trends and the values of laminar flame speed with improved accuracy over a larger range of operating conditions. The improved power law method also works well but for a relatively narrow range of predictions. The improved Arrhenius method is recommended, considering its overall fitting error was only half of that using the improved power law correlation and it was closer to the experimental measurements. Even though ϕm, the equivalence ratio at which the laminar flame speed reaches its maximum, is not monotonic with pressure, this dependence is still included, since it produces least-rich best torque (LBT). The comparisons between the improved correlations in this study and the experimental measurements and the other correlations from various researchers are shown as well.  more » « less
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Proceedings of the International Symposium on Diagnostics and Modeling of Combustion in Internal Combustion Engines
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Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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