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Title: The twist angle has weak influence on charge separation and strong influence on recombination in the MoS 2 /WS 2 bilayer: ab initio quantum dynamics
Van der Waals heterojunctions of two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides are intensely investigated for multiple optoelectronics applications. Strong and adjustable interactions between layers can influence the charge and energy flow that govern material performance. We report ab initio quantum molecular dynamics investigation of the influence of the bilayer twist angle on charge transfer and recombination in MoS 2 /WS 2 heterojunctions, including high-symmetry 0° and 60° configurations, and low symmetry 9.43° and 50.57° structures with Moiré patterns. The twist angle modulates interlayer coupling, as evidenced by changes in the interlayer distance, electron-vibrational interactions, and spectral shifts in the out-of-plane vibrational frequencies. Occurring on a femtosecond timescale, the hole transfer depends weakly on the twist angle and is ultrafast due to high density of acceptor states and large nonadiabatic coupling. In contrast, the electron–hole recombination takes nanoseconds and varies by an order of magnitude depending on the twist angle. The recombination is slow because it occurs across a large energy gap. It depends on the twist angle because the nonadiabatic coupling is sensitive to the interlayer distance and overlap of electron and hole wavefunctions. The Moiré pattern systems exhibit weaker interlayer interaction, generating longer-lived charges. Both charge separation and recombination are driven by more » out-of-plane vibrational motions. The simulations rationalize the experimental results on the influence of the bilayer twist angle on the charge separation and recombination. The atomistic insights provide theoretical guidance for design of high-performance optoelectronic devices based on 2D van der Waals heterostructures. « less
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Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
8324 to 8333
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. Abstract

    Moiré lattices formed in twisted van der Waals bilayers provide a unique, tunable platform to realize coupled electron or exciton lattices unavailable before. While twist angle between the bilayer has been shown to be a critical parameter in engineering the moiré potential and enabling novel phenomena in electronic moiré systems, a systematic experimental study as a function of twist angle is still missing. Here we show that not only are moiré excitons robust in bilayers of even large twist angles, but also properties of the moiré excitons are dependant on, and controllable by, the moiré reciprocal lattice period via twist-angle tuning. From the twist-angle dependence, we furthermore obtain the effective mass of the interlayer excitons and the electron inter-layer tunneling strength, which are difficult to measure experimentally otherwise. These findings pave the way for understanding and engineering rich moiré-lattice induced phenomena in angle-twisted semiconductor van der Waals heterostructures.

  2. Mixed-dimensional van der Waals heterojunctions involve interfacing materials with different dimensionalities, such as a 2D transition metal dichalcogenide and a 0D organic semiconductor. These heterojunctions have shown unique interfacial properties not found in either individual component. Here, we use femtosecond transient absorption to reveal photoinduced charge transfer and interlayer exciton formation in a mixed-dimensional type-II heterojunction between monolayer MoS2 and vanadyl phthalocyanine (VOPc). Selective excitation of the MoS2 exciton leads to hole transfer from the MoS2 valence band to VOPc highest occupied molecular orbit in ∼710 fs. On the contrary, selective photoexcitation of the VOPc layer leads to instantaneous electron transfer from its excited state to the conduction band of MoS2 in less than 100 fs. This light-initiated ultrafast separation of electrons and holes across the heterojunction interface leads to the formation of an interlayer exciton. These interlayer excitons formed across the interface lead to longer-lived charge-separated states of up to 2.5 ns, longer than in each individual layer of this heterojunction. Thus, the longer charge-separated state along with ultrafast charge transfer times provide promising results for photovoltaic and optoelectronic device applications.

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  5. Abstract

    Moiré patterns at van der Waals interfaces between twisted 2D crystals give rise to distinct optoelectronic excitations, as well as, narrowly dispersive bands responsible for correlated electron phenomena. Contrasting with the conventional, mechanically stacked planar twist moirés, recent work shows twisted van der Waals interfaces spontaneously formed in nanowires of layered crystals, where Eshelby twist due to axial screw dislocations stabilizes a chiral structure with small interlayer rotation. Here, the realization of tunable twist in germanium(II) sulfide (GeS) van der Waals nanowires is reported. Tapered nanowires host continuously variable interlayer twist. Homojunctions between dislocated (chiral) and defect‐free (achiral) segments are obtained by triggering the emission of axial dislocations during growth. Measurements across such junctions, implemented here using local absorption and luminescence spectroscopy, provide a convenient tool for detecting twist effects. The results identify a versatile system for 3D twistronics, probing moiré physics, and for realizing moiré architectures without equivalent in planar systems.