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Title: Complete Global Total Electron Content Map Dataset based on a Video Imputation Algorithm VISTA

Ionospheric total electron content (TEC) derived from multi-frequency Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals and the relevant products have become one of the most utilized parameters in the space weather and ionospheric research community. However, there are a couple of challenges in using the global TEC map data including large data gaps over oceans and the potential of losing meso-scale ionospheric structures when applying traditional reconstruction and smoothing algorithms. In this paper, we describe and release a global TEC map database, constructed and completed based on the Madrigal TEC database with a novel video imputation algorithm called VISTA (Video Imputation with SoftImpute, Temporal smoothing and Auxiliary data). The complete TEC maps reveal important large-scale TEC structures and preserve the observed meso-scale structures. Basic ideas and the pipeline of the video imputation algorithm are introduced briefly, followed by discussions on the computational costs and fine tuning of the adopted algorithm. Discussions on potential usages of the complete TEC database are given, together with a concrete example of applying this database.

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Publisher / Repository:
Nature Publishing Group
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Journal Name:
Scientific Data
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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