skip to main content


Title: The selective blocking of potentially catalytically active sites on surface-supported iron oxide catalysts
The extensive research on ultrathin ferrous oxide (FeO) islands and films over the last few decades has significantly contributed to the understanding of their structural and catalytic properties. In this regard, the local chemical properties of FeO edges, such as their metal affinity, play a critical role in determining and tuning the catalytic reactivity of FeO, which however remains largely unexplored. In this work, we use scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to study the interaction of Pd and Pt with FeO grown on Au(111). Different Fe affinities for Pd and Pt are demonstrated by the preferential growth of Pd on the Fe-terminated edge and Pt on the O-terminated edge of FeO nanoislands, resulting in selectively blocked FeO edges. In addition to revealing the different metal affinities of FeO edges, our results provide new insights into the edge reactivity of FeO/Au(111) and suggest an approach for controlling the selectivity of FeO catalysts.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2211474 2102622
NSF-PAR ID:
10411818
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Materials Chemistry Frontiers
Volume:
7
Issue:
3
ISSN:
2052-1537
Page Range / eLocation ID:
476 to 482
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    Here, a comprehensive study on the synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of grain‐boundary (GB)‐rich noble metal nanoparticle (NP) assemblies is presented. A facile and scalable synthesis of Pt, Pd, Au, Ag, and Rh NP assemblies is developed, in which NPs are predominantly connected via Σ3 (111) twin GBs, forming a network. Driven by water electrolysis, the random collisions and oriented attachment of colloidal NPs in solution lead to the formation of Σ3 (111) twin boundaries and some highly mismatched GBs. This synthetic method also provides convenient control over the GB density without altering the crystallite size or GB type by varying the NP collision frequency. The structural characterization reveals the presence of localized tensile strain at the GB sites. The ultrahigh activity of GB‐rich Pt NP assembly toward catalytic hydrogen oxidation in air is demonstrated, enabling room‐temperature catalytic hydrogen sensing for the first time. Finally, density functional theory calculations reveal that the strained Σ3(111) twin boundary facilitates oxygen dissociation, drastically enhancing the hydrogen oxidation rate via the dissociative pathway. This reported large‐scale synthesis of the Σ3 (111) twin GB‐rich structures enables the development of a broad range of high‐performance GB‐rich catalysts.

     
    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    Glycerol, a major byproduct of biodiesel processing, could be leveraged as a platform to higher‐value products if the selectivity of its transformations could be improved. Herein, density functional theory (DFT) calculations are used to identify reactivity trends for the initial glycerol dehydrogenation steps involving C−H and O−H bond cleavage on a variety of transition metals including Ag, Au, Cu, Pd, Pt, and Rh considering both (111) and (100) surface facets. Additional activation energies calculated on Pt(111), Pt(100), Au(111), and Au(100) surfaces indicate that the most energetically favorable pathway is highly sensitive to the local surface structure and depends on the adsorption strength of reactive intermediates to the metal surface. Finally, adsorbate‐based and structure‐based energy scaling approaches for glycerol are identified, suggesting the ability to screen candidate materials using both structure‐ and composition‐based reactivity descriptors.

     
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    Facet‐selective etching and deposition, as determined by the landscape of surface energy, represent two powerful methods for the transformation of noble‐metal nanocrystals into nanostructures with complex shapes or morphologies. This review highlights the use of these two methods, including integration of them, for the fabrication of novel monometallic and bimetallic nanostructures with enhanced properties. We start with an introduction to the role of surface capping in controlling the facet‐selective etching or deposition on the surface of Ag nanocrystals, followed by a case study of how to maneuver etching and deposition at different facets of Pd nanocrystals for the fabrication of nanoframes. We then introduce the use of galvanic replacement to accomplish selective etching and deposition on two different facets in an orthogonal manner, transforming Pd nanocubes into Pd−Pt octapods. By complementing galvanic replacement with a chemical reduction reaction, it is also feasible to control the rates of these two reactions for the conversion of Ag nanocubes into Ag@Ag−Au concave nanocubes and Ag@Au core‐shell nanocubes. These transformation methods not only greatly increase the shape diversity of metal nanocrystals but also offer nanocrystals with enhanced plasmonic and/or catalytic properties.

     
    more » « less
  4. Atomically precise, thiolate-protected gold nanoclusters (TPNCs) exhibit remarkable catalytic performance for the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO 2 R) to CO. The origin of their high CO 2 R activity and selectivity has been attributed to partial ligand removal from the thiolate-covered surfaces of TPNCs to expose catalytically active sulfur atoms. Recently, heterometal doped (alloy) TPNCs have been shown to exhibit enhanced CO 2 R activity and selectivity compared to their monometallic counterparts. However, systematic studies on the effect of doping (metal type and location on TPNC) on active site exposure and CO 2 R activity are missing in literature. Herein, we apply Density Functional Theory calculations to investigate the effect of heterometal (Pt, Pd, Hg and Cd) doping of Au 25 (SR) 18 TPNC on the active site exposure and CO 2 R activity and selectivity. We reveal that doping significantly modifies relevant TPNC electronic properties, such as electron affinity, while also altering partial ligand removal and carboxyl (*COOH) intermediate formation energies. Furthermore, we demonstrate that changing the dopant ( e.g. Hg) position can change the selectivity of the TPNC towards CO (g) or H 2(g) formation, highlighting the importance of dopant locations in TPNC-based CO 2 R. Most notably, we report a universal ( i.e. capturing different dopant types and positions) linear trend between the ligand removal energy and i) the *COOH formation energy, as well as, ii) the hydrogen (*H) formation energy on the different alloy TPNCs. Thus, utilizing the ligand removal energy as a descriptor for CO 2 RR activity and selectivity, our work opens new avenues for accelerated computational screening of different alloy TPNCs for electrocatalytic CO 2 R applications. 
    more » « less
  5. Employment of simple transition metal (TM = Co, Fe, Cu, Pd, Pt, Au)-based photocatalyst (PC) has led to the dramatic acceleration of known TM-catalyzed reactions, as well as to the discovery of unprecedented chemical transformations. Compared to the conventional cooperative/dual photocatalysis (type B), this new class of unconventional PCs operates via a single photoexcitation/catalytic cycle, where the TM complex plays a “double duty” role by harvesting light and catalyzing the chemical transformation. Also, these TM photocatalysts participate in the bond-forming/breaking event in the transformation via a substrate-TM interaction, an aspect that is uncommon for conventional photocatalysis (type A). This tutorial review highlights the recent advances in this emerging area. 
    more » « less