Using molten‐salt synthetic techniques, NaNbO3(Space group
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Using molten‐salt synthetic techniques, NaNbO3(Space group
Pbcm; No. 57) was prepared in high purity at a reaction time of 12 hours and a temperature of 900°C. All NaNbO3products were prepared from stoichiometric ratios of Nb2O5and Na2CO3together with the addition of a salt flux introduced at a 10:1 molar ratio of salt to NaNbO3, that is, using the Na2SO4, NaF, NaCl, and NaBr salts. A solid‐state synthesis was performed in the absence of a molten salt to serve as a control. The reaction products were all found to be phase pure through powder X‐ray diffraction, for example, with refined lattice constants of a= 5.512(5) Å, b= 5.567(3) Å, and c= 15.516(8) Å from the Na2SO4salt reaction. The products were characterized using UV‐Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy to have a bandgap size of ~3.5 eV. The particles sizes were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and found to be dependent upon the flux type used, from ~<1 μm to >10 μm in length, with overall surface areas that could be varied from 0.66 m2/g (for NaF) to 1.55 m2/g (for NaBr). Cubic‐shaped particle morphologies were observed for the metal halide salts with the set of exposed (100)/(010)/(001) crystal facets, while a truncated octahedral morphology formed in the sodium sulfate salt reaction with predominantly the set of (110)/(101)/(011) crystal facets.more »
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