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This content will become publicly available on May 1, 2024

Title: In vitro models of soft tissue damage by implant-associated frictional shear stresses
Silicone elastomer medical implants are ubiquitous in medicine, particularly for breast augmentation. However, when these devices are placed within the body, disruption of the natural biological interfaces occurs, which significantly changes the native energy-dissipation mechanisms of living systems. These new interfaces can introduce non-physiological contact pressures and tribological conditions that provoke inflammation and soft tissue damage. Despite their significance, the biotribological properties of implant-tissue and implant-extracellular matrix (ECM) interfaces remain poorly understood. Here, we developed an in vitro model of soft tissue damage using a custom-built in situ biotribometer mounted onto a confocal microscope. Sections of commercially-available silicone breast implants with distinct and clinically relevant surface roughness ([Formula: see text]m, [Formula: see text]m, and [Formula: see text]m) were mounted to spherically-capped hydrogel probes and slid against collagen-coated hydrogel surfaces as well as healthy breast epithelial (MCF10A) cell monolayers to model implant-ECM and implant-tissue interfaces. In contrast to the “smooth” silicone implants ([Formula: see text]m), we demonstrate that the “microtextured” silicone implant ([Formula: see text]m) induced higher frictional shear stress ([Formula: see text]  Pa), which led to greater collagen removal and cell rupture/delamination. Our studies may provide insights into post-implantation tribological interactions between silicone breast implants and soft tissues.  more » « less
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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1264 to 1271
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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