skip to main content

Title: Machine learning assisted coarse-grained molecular dynamics modeling of meso-scale interfacial fluids
A hallmark of meso-scale interfacial fluids is the multi-faceted, scale-dependent interfacial energy, which often manifests different characteristics across the molecular and continuum scale. The multi-scale nature imposes a challenge to construct reliable coarse-grained (CG) models, where the CG potential function needs to faithfully encode the many-body interactions arising from the unresolved atomistic interactions and account for the heterogeneous density distributions across the interface. We construct the CG models of both single- and two-component polymeric fluid systems based on the recently developed deep coarse-grained potential [Zhang et al., J. Chem. Phys. 149, 034101 (2018)] scheme, where each polymer molecule is modeled as a CG particle. By only using the training samples of the instantaneous force under the thermal equilibrium state, the constructed CG models can accurately reproduce both the probability density function of the void formation in bulk and the spectrum of the capillary wave across the fluid interface. More importantly, the CG models accurately predict the volume-to-area scaling transition for the apolar solvation energy, illustrating the effectiveness to probe the meso-scale collective behaviors encoded with molecular-level fidelity.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2110981 2143739
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Journal of Chemical Physics
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    By eliminating unnecessary details, coarse-grained (CG) models provide the necessary efficiency for simulating scales that are inaccessible to higher resolution models. However, because they average over atomic details, the effective potentials governing CG degrees of freedom necessarily incorporate significant entropic contributions, which limit their transferability and complicate the treatment of thermodynamic properties. This work employs a dual-potential approach to consider the energetic and entropic contributions to effective interaction potentials for CG models. Specifically, we consider one- and three-site CG models for ortho-terphenyl (OTP) both above and below its glass transition. We employ the multiscale coarse-graining (MS-CG) variational principle to determine interaction potentials that accurately reproduce the structural properties of an all-atom (AA) model for OTP at each state point. We employ an energy-matching variational principle to determine an energy operator that accurately reproduces the intra- and inter-molecular energy of the AA model. While the MS-CG pair potentials are almost purely repulsive, the corresponding pair energy functions feature a pronounced minima that corresponds to contacting benzene rings. These energetic functions then determine an estimate for the entropic component of the MS-CG interaction potentials. These entropic functions accurately predict the MS-CG pair potentials across a wide range of liquid state points at constant density. Moreover, the entropic functions also predict pair potentials that quite accurately model the AA pair structure below the glass transition. Thus, the dual-potential approach appears a promising approach for modeling AA energetics, as well as for predicting the temperature-dependence of CG effective potentials.

    more » « less
  2. Recent coarse-grained (CG) models have often supplemented conventional pair potentials with potentials that depend upon the local density around each particle. In this work, we investigate the temperature-dependence of these local density (LD) potentials. Specifically, we employ the multiscale coarse-graining (MS-CG) force-matching variational principle to parameterize pair and LD potentials for one-site CG models of molecular liquids at ambient pressure. The accuracy of these MS-CG LD potentials quite sensitively depends upon the length-scale, rc, that is employed to define the local density. When the local density is defined by the optimal length-scale, rc*, the MS-CG potential often accurately describes the reference state point and can provide reasonable transferability across a rather wide range of temperatures. At ambient pressure, the optimal LD length-scale varies linearly with temperature over a very wide range of temperatures. Moreover, if one adopts this temperature-dependent LD length-scale, then the MS-CG LD potential appears independent of temperature, while the MS-CG pair potential varies linearly across this temperature range. This provides a simple means for predicting pair and LD potentials that accurately model new state points without performing additional atomistic simulations. Surprisingly, at certain state points, the predicted potentials provide greater accuracy than MS-CG potentials that were optimized for the state point. 
    more » « less
  3. Coarse-grained (CG) models have been successful in simulating the chemical properties of lipid bilayers, but accurate treatment of membrane proteins and lipid-protein molecular interactions remains a challenge. The CgProt force field, original developed with the multiscale coarse graining method, is assessed by comparing the potentials of mean force for sidechain insertion in a DOPC bilayer to results reported for atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Reassignment of select CG sidechain sites from the apolar to polar site type was found to improve the attractive interfacial behavior of tyrosine, phenylalanine and asparagine as well as charged lysine and arginine residues. The solvation energy at membrane depths of 0, 1.3 and 1.7 nm correlates with experimental partition coefficients in aqueous mixtures of cyclohexane, octanol and POPC, respectively, for sidechain analogs and Wimley-White peptides. These experimental values serve as important anchor points in choosing between alternate CG models based on their observed permeation profiles, particularly for Arg, Lys and Gln residues where the all-atom OPLS solvation energy does not agree well with experiment. Available partitioning data was also used to reparameterize the representation of the peptide backbone, which needed to be made less attractive for the bilayer hydrophobic core region. The newly developed force field, CgProt 2.4, correctly predicts the global energy minimum in the potentials of mean force for insertion of the uncharged membrane-associated peptides LS3 and WALP23. CgProt will find application in studies of lipid-protein interactions and the conformational properties of diverse membrane protein systems. 
    more » « less
  4. We present a bottom-up coarse-graining (CG) method to establish implicit-solvent CG modeling for polymers in solution, which conserves the dynamic properties of the reference microscopic system. In particular, tens to hundreds of bonded polymer atoms (or Lennard-Jones beads) are coarse-grained as one CG particle, and the solvent degrees of freedom are eliminated. The dynamics of the CG system is governed by the generalized Langevin equation (GLE) derived via the Mori-Zwanzig formalism, by which the CG variables can be directly and rigorously linked to the microscopic dynamics generated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The solvent-mediated dynamics of polymers is modeled by the non-Markovian stochastic dynamics in GLE, where the memory kernel can be computed from the MD trajectories. To circumvent the difficulty in direct evaluation of the memory term and generation of colored noise, we exploit the equivalence between the non-Markovian dynamics and Markovian dynamics in an extended space. To this end, the CG system is supplemented with auxiliary variables that are coupled linearly to the momentum and among themselves, subject to uncorrelated Gaussian white noise. A high-order time-integration scheme is used to solve the extended dynamics to further accelerate the CG simulations. To assess, validate, and demonstrate the established implicit-solvent CG modeling, we have applied it to study four different types of polymers in solution. The dynamic properties of polymers characterized by the velocity autocorrelation function, diffusion coefficient, and mean square displacement as functions of time are evaluated in both CG and MD simulations. Results show that the extended dynamics with auxiliary variables can construct arbitrarily high-order CG models to reproduce dynamic properties of the reference microscopic system and to characterize long-time dynamics of polymers in solution. 
    more » « less
  5. null (Ed.)
    We develop a hybrid approach that combines the Monte Carlo (MC)method, a variational implicit-solvent model (VISM), and a binary level-set method forthe simulation of biomolecular binding in an aqueous solvent. The solvation free energy for the biomolecular complex is estimated by minimizing the VISM free-energy functional of all possible solute−solvent interfaces that are used as dielectric boundaries. This functional consists of the solute volumetric, solute−solvent interfacial, solute−solvent van der Waals interaction, and electrostatic free energy. A technique of shifting the dielectric boundary is used to accurately predict the electrostatic part of the solvation free energy.Minimizing such a functional in each MC move is made possible by our new and fast binary level-set method. This method is based on the approximation of surface area by the convolution of an indicator function with a compactly supported kernel and is implemented by simple flips of numerical grid cells locally around the solute−solvent interface. We apply our approach to the p53-MDM2 system for which the two molecules are approximated by rigid bodies. Our efficient approach captures some of the poses before the final bound state. All atom molecular dynamics simulations with most of such poses quickly reach the final bound state.Our work is a new step toward realistic simulations of biomolecular interactions. With further improvement of coarse graining and MC sampling, and combined with other models, our hybrid approach can be used to study the free-energy landscape and kinetic pathways of ligand binding to proteins. 
    more » « less