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Title: A self organizing maps analysis of north Pacific jet variability
Previous research regarding the intraseasonal variability of the wintertime Pacific jet has employed empiri- cal orthogonal function (EOF)/principal component (PC) analysis to characterize two leading modes of variability: a zonal extension or retraction and a ;208 meridional shift of the jet exit region. These leading modes are intimately tied to the large-scale structure, sensible weather phenomena, and forecast skill in and around the vast North Pacific basin. However, variability within the wintertime Pacific jet and the relative importance of tropical and extratropical processes in driving such variability, is poorly understood. Here, a self-organizing maps (SOM) analysis is applied to 73 Northern Hemisphere cold seasons of 250-hPa zonal winds from the NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data to identify 12 characteristic physical jet states, some of which resemble the leading EOF Pacific jet patterns and combinations of them. Examination of teleconnection patterns such as El Nin ̃o–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) provide insight into the varying nature of the 12 SOM nodes at inter- and intraseasonal time scales. These relationships suggest that the hitherto more common EOF/PC analysis of jet variability obscures important subtleties of jet structure, revealed by the SOM analy- sis, which bear on the underlying physical processes associated with Pacific jet variability as well as the nature of its down- stream impacts.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2055667
NSF-PAR ID:
10417695
Author(s) / Creator(s):
;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of climate
Volume:
36
Issue:
6
ISSN:
0894-8755
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1863-1879
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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