skip to main content


This content will become publicly available on June 1, 2024

Title: Influence of Al2O3 Overlayers on Intermolecular Interactions between Metal Oxide Bound Molecules
Intermolecular interactions on inorganic substrates can have a critical impact on the electrochemical and photophysical properties of the materials and subsequent performance in hybrid electronics. Critical to the intentional formation or inhibition of these processes is controlling interactions between molecules on a surface. In this report, we investigated the impact of surface loading and atomic-layer-deposited Al2O3 overlayers on the intermolecular interactions of a ZrO2-bound anthracene derivative as probed by the photophysical properties of the interface. While surface loading density had no impact on the absorption spectra of the films, there was an increase in excimer features with surface loading as observed by both emission and transient absorption. The addition of ALD overlayers of Al2O3 resulted in a decrease in excimer formation, but the emission and transient absorption spectra were still dominated by excimer features. These results suggest that ALD may provide a post-surface loading means of influencing such intermolecular interactions.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1752782
NSF-PAR ID:
10423538
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Molecules
Volume:
28
Issue:
12
ISSN:
1420-3049
Page Range / eLocation ID:
4835
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. We report here the synthesis, characterization, and crystal structures of three perfluoropropylated dibenzo[ a , c ]phenazine constitutional isomers, in which the only difference among them was the positions of the perfluoropropyl substituents. The crystal structures of these perfluropropylated dibenzo[ a , c ]phenazine isomers indicated that the stereo-electronic effect of the perfluoropropyl group on the dibenzo[ a , c ]phenazine molecule plays a crucial role in determining the crystal-packing motif in the solid state. Our results from both X-ray crystallography and computational approaches revealed that the positions of the perfluoropropyl groups on the dibenzo[ a , c ]phenazine ring significantly affected the electrostatic potential distribution along the aromatic ring surface, resulting in drastic changes in the molecular packing in the solid state, from herringbone to lamellar crystal packing, among these three constitutional isomers. Simple topological consideration of the molecular packing in the solid state was coincidently cooperative with the changes in the electrostatic potential distributions, where localized partial positive and partial negative charges perhaps dominated the intermolecular interactions between the aromatic rings. Together, the perfluoropropylation on the dibenzo[ a , c ]phenazine ring provided us with a fortunate scenario, wherein the molecular topological structure and electrostatic potential worked together to facilitate the formation of the desired lamellar π–π stacked crystal packing. Meanwhile, electrochemistry, UV-visible absorption and emission spectra, and the computational chemistry results pointed out that there were only minor to moderate changes in the electronic properties of the molecules upon changing the position of the perfluoroalkylation on the dibenzo[ a , c ]phenazine core. While controlling the solid-state structure of aromatics by design still has a long way to go, we hope that our work will ignite a spark that can potentially spread into the field of the design of organic solid-state materials. 
    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    Singlet fission and triplet-triplet annihilation upconversion are two multiexciton processes intimately related to the dynamic interaction between one high-lying energy singlet and two low-lying energy triplet excitons. Here, we introduce a series of dendritic macromolecules that serve as platform to study the effect of interchromophore interactions on the dynamics of multiexciton generation and decay as a function of dendrimer generation. The dendrimers (generations 1–4) consist of trimethylolpropane core and 2,2-bis(methylol)propionic acid (bis-MPA) dendrons that provide exponential growth of the branches, leading to a corona decorated with pentacenes for SF or anthracenes for TTA-UC. The findings reveal a trend where a few highly ordered sites emerge as the dendrimer generation grows, dominating the multiexciton dynamics, as deduced from optical spectra, and transient absorption spectroscopy. While the dendritic structures enhance TTA-UC at low annihilator concentrations in the largest dendrimers, the paired chromophore interactions induce a broadened and red-shifted excimer emission. In SF dendrimers of higher generations, the triplet dynamics become increasingly dominated by pairwise sites exhibiting strong coupling (Type II), which can be readily distinguished from sites with weaker coupling (Type I) by their spectral dynamics and decay kinetics.

     
    more » « less
  3. null (Ed.)
    Understanding the structural parameters that determine the extension of π-conjugation in 2-dimensions is key for controlling the optical, photophysical, and electronic properties of 2D-π-conjugated materials. In this article, three non-slanted H-mers including a donor–acceptor H-mer (H-mer-3) with an increase in dihedral angle (twist) between the strands and rungs are synthesized and studied. These non-slanted H-mers represent the repeat units of 2D-π-conjugated materials. H-mer-3, containing donor-strands and an acceptor-rung, is an unexplored donor–acceptor architecture in both slanted and non-slanted H-mers. The H-mers displayed both acid and base dependent optical properties. While the rungs have a little impact on the H-mer absorption spectra they play a key role in the emission and fluorescence lifetime. H-mer-3 ( i.e. , donor–acceptor H-mer) shows a higher Stokes shift and fluorescence lifetime than the other two H-mers. The twist and the presence of an electron deficient rung in H-mer-3 facilitated an intramolecular charge transfer in the excited state from the strands to the electron deficient rung, and therefore control over the H-mer emission properties. The lack of insulating pendant chains, reduced π–π interactions in thinfilms, and longer fluorescence lifetimes make these H-mers interesting candidates for various electronic and optoelectronic applications. 
    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    Emissive covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have recently emerged as next‐generation porous materials with attractive properties such as tunable topology, porosity, and inherent photoluminescence. Among the different types of COFs, substoichiometric frameworks (so‐called Type III COFs) are especially attractive due to the possibility of not only generating unusual topology and complex pore architectures but also facilitating the introduction of well‐defined functional groups at precise locations for desired functions. Herein, the first example of a highly emissive (PLQY 6.8%) substoichiometric 2D‐COF (COF‐SMU‐1) featuring free uncondensed aldehyde groups is reported. In particular,COF‐SMU‐1features a dual‐pore architecture with an overallbexnet topology, tunable emission in various organic solvents, and distinct colorimetric changes in the presence of water. To gain further insights into its photoluminescence properties, the charge transfer, excimer emission, and excited state exciton dynamics ofCOF‐SMU‐1are investigated using femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy in different organic solvents. Additionally, highly enhanced atmospheric water‐harvesting properties ofCOF‐SMU‐1are revealed using FT‐IR and water sorption studies.The findings will not only lead to in‐depth understanding of structure–property relationships in emissive COFs but also open new opportunities for designing COFs for potential applications in solid‐state lighting and water harvesting.

     
    more » « less
  5. Abstract

    We present the discovery and extensive follow-up of a remarkable fast-evolving optical transient, AT 2022aedm, detected by the Asteroid Terrestrial impact Last Alert Survey (ATLAS). In the ATLASoband, AT 2022aedm exhibited a rise time of 9 ± 1 days, reaching a luminous peak withMg≈ −22 mag. It faded by 2 mag in thegband during the next 15 days. These timescales are consistent with other rapidly evolving transients, though the luminosity is extreme. Most surprisingly, the host galaxy is a massive elliptical with negligible current star formation. Radio and X-ray observations rule out a relativistic AT 2018cow–like explosion. A spectrum in the first few days after explosion showed short-lived Heiiemission resembling young core-collapse supernovae, but obvious broad supernova features never developed; later spectra showed only a fast-cooling continuum and narrow, blueshifted absorption lines, possibly arising in a wind withv≈ 2700 km s−1. We identify two further transients in the literature (Dougie in particular, as well as AT 2020bot) that share similarities in their luminosities, timescales, color evolution, and largely featureless spectra and propose that these may constitute a new class of transients: luminous fast coolers. All three events occurred in passive galaxies at offsets of ∼4–10 kpc from the nucleus, posing a challenge for progenitor models involving massive stars or black holes. The light curves and spectra appear to be consistent with shock breakout emission, though this mechanism is usually associated with core-collapse supernovae. The encounter of a star with a stellar-mass black hole may provide a promising alternative explanation.

     
    more » « less