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Title: Detection of spicules termed rapid blueshifted excursions as seen in the chromosphere via H α and the transition region via Si  iv 1394 Å line emission

We show signatures of spicules termed rapid blueshifted excursions (RBEs) in the Si iv 1394 Å emission line using a semi-automated detection approach. We use the H α filtergrams obtained by the CRISP imaging spectropolarimeter on the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope and co-aligned Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph data using the SJI 1400 Å channel to study the spatiotemporal signature of the RBEs in the transition region. The detection of RBEs is carried out using an oriented coronal loop tracing algorithm on H α Dopplergrams at ±35 km s−1. We find that the number of detected features is significantly impacted by the time-varying contrast values of the detection images, which are caused by the changes in the atmospheric seeing conditions. We detect 407 events with lifetime greater than 32 s. This number is further reduced to 168 RBEs based on the H α profile and the proximity of RBEs to the large-scale flow. Of these 168 RBEs, 89 of them display a clear spatiotemporal signature in the SJI 1400 Å channel, indicating that a total of $\sim 53{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$ are observed to have co-spatial signatures between the chromosphere and the transition region.

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Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 2672-2680
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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