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Title: Localized Anisotropy in the Mantle Transition Zone Due to Flow Through Slab Gaps

Measurement of anisotropy advances our understanding of mantle dynamics by linking remote seismic observations to local deformation state through constraints from mineral physics. The Pacific Northwest records the largest depth‐integrated anisotropic signals across the western United States but the depths contributing to the total signal are unclear. We used the amplitudes of orthogonally polarized P‐to‐S converted phases from the mantle transition zone boundaries to identify anisotropy within the ∼400–700 km deep layer. Significant anisotropy is found near slab gaps imaged by prior tomography. Focusing of mantle flow through slab gaps may lead to locally elevated stress that enhances lattice preferred orientation of anisotropic minerals within the transition zone, such as wadsleyite.

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Award ID(s):
1664471 1554908
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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