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Title: Equation of State of TiN at High Pressures and Temperatures: A Possible Host for Nitrogen in Planetary Mantles

Nitrogen, the most abundant element in Earth's atmosphere, is also a primary component of solid nitride minerals found in meteorites and on Earth's surface. If they remain stable to high pressures and temperatures, these nitrides may also be important reservoirs of nitrogen in planetary interiors. We used synchrotron X‐ray diffraction to measure the thermal equation of state and phase stability of titanium nitride (TiN) in a laser‐heated diamond anvil cell at pressures up to ∼70 GPa and temperatures up to ∼2,500 K. TiN maintains the cubic B1 (NaCl‐type) crystal structure over the entire pressure and temperature range explored. It hasK0 = 274 (4) GPa,K0′ = 3.9 (2), andγ0 = 1.39 (4) for a fixedV0 = 76.516 (30) Å3(based on experimental measurements),q = 1, andθ0 = 579 K. Additionally, we collected Raman spectra of TiN up to ∼60 GPa, where we find that the transverse acoustic (TA), longitudinal acoustic (LA), and transverse optical phonon modes exhibit mode Grüneisen parameters of 1.66(17), 0.54(15), and 0.93 (4), respectively. Based on our equation of state, TiN has a density of ∼5.6–6.4 g/cm3at Earth's lower mantle conditions, significantly more dense than both the mantle of the Earth and the estimated densities of the mantles of other terrestrial planets, but less dense than planetary cores. We find that TiN remains stable against physical decomposition at the pressures and temperatures found within Earth's mantle, making it a plausible reservoir for deep planetary nitrogen if chemical conditions allow its formation.

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DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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