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Title: Glutaredoxin AtGRXS8 represses transcriptional and developmental responses to nitrate in Arabidopsis thaliana roots

Glutaredoxins (GRXs) are small oxidoreductase enzymes that can reduce disulfide bonds in target proteins. The class III GRX gene family is unique to land plants, andArabidopsis thalianahas 21 class III GRXs, which remain largely uncharacterized. About 80% ofA. thalianaclass III GRXs are transcriptionally regulated by nitrate, and several recent studies have suggested roles for these GRXs in nitrogen signaling. Our objective was to functionally characterize two nitrate‐induced GRX genes,AtGRXS5andAtGRXS8, defining their roles in signaling and development in theA. thalianaroot. We demonstrated thatAtGRXS5andAtGRXS8are primarily expressed in root and shoot vasculature (phloem), and that the corresponding GRX proteins display nucleo‐cytosolic subcellular localization. Ectopic expression ofAtGRXS8in transgenic plants caused major alterations in root system architecture: Normal primary root development, but a near absence of lateral roots. RNA sequencing demonstrated that the roots ofAtGRXS8‐overexpressing plants show strongly reduced transcript abundance for many primary nitrate response genes, including the major high‐affinity nitrate transporters. Correspondingly, high‐affinity nitrate uptake and the transport of nitrate from roots to shoots are compromised inAtGRXS8‐overexpressing plants. Finally, we demonstrated that the AtGRXS8 protein can physically interact with the TGA1 and TGA4 transcription factors, which are central regulators of early transcriptional responses to nitrate inA. thalianaroots. Overall, these results suggest thatAtGRXS8acts to quench both transcriptional and developmental aspects of primary nitrate response, potentially by interfering with the activity of the TGA1 and TGA4 transcription factors.

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Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Plant Direct
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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