Copper(I) halides are emerging as attractive alternatives to lead halide perovskites for optical and electronic applications. However, blue‐emitting all‐inorganic copper(I) halides suffer from poor stability and lack of tunability of their photoluminescence (PL) properties. Here, the preparation of silver(I) halides A2AgX3(A = Rb, Cs; X = Cl, Br, I) through solid‐state synthesis is reported. In contrast to the Cu(I) analogs, A2AgX3are broad‐band emitters sensitive to A and X site substitutions. First‐principle calculations show that defect‐bound excitons are responsible for the observed main PL peaks in Rb2AgX3and that self‐trapped excitons (STEs) contribute to a minor PL peak in Rb2AgBr3. This is in sharp contrast to Rb2CuX3, in which the PL is dominated by the emission by STEs. Moreover, the replacement of Cu(I) with Ag(I) in A2AgX3significantly improves photostability and stability in the air under ambient conditions, which enables their consideration for practical applications. Thus, luminescent inks based on A2AgX3are prepared and successfully used in anti‐counterfeiting applications. The excellent light emission properties, significantly improved stability, simple preparation method, and tunable light emission properties demonstrated by A2AgX3suggest that silver(I) halides may be attractive alternatives to toxic lead halide perovskites and unstable copper(I) halides for optical applications.
All‐inorganic metal halides such as Cs4PbX6and CsPbX3(X = Cl, Br, and I) are attracting global attention owing to their promise in optoelectronic applications. However, the presence of the toxic heavy metal lead (Pb) in these materials is a major concern. Here, a family of nontoxic high‐efficiency blue‐emitting all‐inorganic halides Rb2CuX3(X = Br and Cl) is reported; the compounds exhibit 1D crystal structures featuring anionic2−ribbons separated by Rb+cations. The measured record high photoluminescence quantum yield values range from 64% to 100% for Rb2CuBr3and Rb2CuCl3, respectively. Furthermore, the measured emission linewidths are quite narrow with full width at half maximum values of 54 and 52 nm for Rb2CuBr3and Rb2CuCl3, respectively. Single crystals of Rb2CuCl3demonstrate an anti‐Stokes photoluminescence signal, shown for the first time for Pb‐free metal halides. The discovery of highly efficient narrow blue emitters based on a nontoxic and inexpensive metal copper paves a way for the consideration of low‐cost and environmentally friendly copper halides for practical applications.more » « less
- Award ID(s):
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Publisher / Repository:
- Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
- Date Published:
- Journal Name:
- Advanced Optical Materials
- Medium: X
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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