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Title: Benevolent God Concepts and Past Kind Behaviors Induce Generosity Toward Outgroups
Humans behave more prosocially toward ingroup (vs. outgroup) members. This preregistered research examined the influence of God concepts and memories of past behavior on prosociality toward outgroups. In Study 1 (n = 573), participants recalled their past kind or mean behavior (between-subjects) directed toward an outgroup. Subsequently, they completed a questionnaire assessing their views of God. Our dependent measure was the number of lottery entries given to another outgroup member. Participants who recalled their kind (vs. mean) behavior perceived God as more benevolent, which in turn predicted more generous allocation to the outgroup (vs. ingroup). Study 2 (n = 281) examined the causal relation by manipulating God concepts (benevolent vs. punitive). We found that not only recalling kind behaviors but perceiving God as benevolent increased outgroup generosity. The current research extends work on morality, religion, and intergroup relations by showing that benevolent God concepts and memories of past kind behaviors jointly increase outgroup generosity.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2044360
NSF-PAR ID:
10464955
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Social Cognition
Volume:
41
Issue:
4
ISSN:
0278-016X
Page Range / eLocation ID:
321 to 339
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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