Given a graph of degree over vertices, we consider the problem of computing a near maximum cut or a near minimum bisection in polynomial time. For graphs of girth , we develop a local message passing algorithm whose complexity is , and that achieves near optimal cut values among all ‐local algorithms. Focusing on max‐cut, the algorithm constructs a cut of value , where is the value of the Parisi formula from spin glass theory, and (subscripts indicate the asymptotic variables). Our result generalizes to locally treelike graphs, that is, graphs whose girth becomes after removing a small fraction of vertices. Earlier work established that, for random ‐regular graphs, the typical max‐cut value is . Therefore our algorithm is nearly optimal on such graphs. An immediate corollary of this result is that random regular graphs have nearly minimum max‐cut, and nearly maximum min‐bisection among all regular locally treelike graphs. This can be viewed as a combinatorial version of the near‐Ramanujan property of random regular graphs.
This content will become publicly available on August 30, 2024
 NSFPAR ID:
 10473305
 Publisher / Repository:
 Schloss Dagstuhl  LeibnizZentrum f{\"u}r Informatik
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)
 ISSN:
 18688969
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Location:
 Amsterdam
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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Potential applications include solution of inverse scattering problems in dispersive media, such as seismic exploration, radars and sonars. To x the idea, we consider a passive irreducible SISO ROM fn(s) = Xn j=1 yi s + σj , (62) assuming that all complex terms in (62) come in conjugate pairs. We will seek ladder realization of (62) as rjuj + vj − vj−1 = −shˆjuj , uj+1 − uj + ˆrj vj = −shj vj , (63) for j = 0, . . . , n with boundary conditions un+1 = 0, v1 = −1, and 4n real parameters hi, hˆi, ri and rˆi, i = 1, . . . , n, that can be considered, respectively, as the equivalent discrete inductances, capacitors and also primary and dual conductors. Alternatively, they can be viewed as respectively masses, spring stiness, primary and dual dampers of a mechanical string. 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A twopoint positive denite problem in a semiinnite domain, SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, V. 37, N 2, pp.403422, 1999 [3] Druskin, Vladimir and Mamonov, Alexander V and Zaslavsky, Mikhail, Distance preserving model order reduction of graphLaplacians and cluster analysis, Druskin, Vladimir and Mamonov, Alexander V and Zaslavsky, Mikhail, Journal of Scientic Computing, V. 90, N 1, pp 130, 2022 [4] Druskin, Vladimir and Moskow, Shari and Zaslavsky, Mikhail LippmannSchwingerLanczos algorithm for inverse scattering problems, Inverse Problems, V. 37, N. 7, 2021, [5] Mark Adolfovich Nudelman The Krein String and Characteristic Functions of Maximal Dissipative Operators, Journal of Mathematical Sciences, 2004, V 124, pp 49184934 Go back to Plenary Speakers Go back to Speakers Go backmore » « less