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Title: Generation and characterization of ultrabroadband polarization–frequency hyperentangled photons

We generate ultrabroadband photon pairs entangled in both polarization and frequency bins through an all-waveguided Sagnac source covering the entire optical C- and L-bands (1530–1625 nm). We perform comprehensive characterization of high-fidelity states in multiple dense wavelength-division multiplexed channels, achieving full tomography of effective four-qubit systems. Additionally, leveraging the inherent high dimensionality of frequency encoding and our electro-optic measurement approach, we demonstrate the scalability of our system to higher dimensions, reconstructing states in a 36-dimensional Hilbert space consisting of two polarization qubits and two frequency-bin qutrits. Our findings hold potential significance for quantum networking, particularly dense coding and entanglement distillation in wavelength-multiplexed quantum networks.

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Publisher / Repository:
Optical Society of America
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Optics Letters
0146-9592; OPLEDP
Medium: X Size: Article No. 6031
Article No. 6031
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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