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Title: Paraxial Wave Propagation in Random Media with Long-Range Correlations
We study the paraxial wave equation with a randomly perturbed index of refraction, which can model the propagation of a wave beam in a turbulent medium. The random perturbation is a stationary and isotropic process with a general form of the covariance that may or may not be integrable. We focus attention mostly on the nonintegrable case, which corresponds to a random perturbation with long-range correlations, that is, relevant for propagation through a cloudy turbulent atmosphere. The analysis is carried out in a high-frequency regime where the forward scattering approximation holds. It reveals that the randomization of the wave field is multiscale: The travel time of the wave front is randomized at short distances of propagation, and it can be described by a fractional Brownian motion. The wave field observed in the random travel time frame is affected by the random perturbations at long distances, and it is described by a Schr\"odinger-type equation driven by a standard Brownian field. We use these results to quantify how scattering leads to decorrelation of the spatial and spectral components of the wave field and to a deformation of the pulse emitted by the source. These are important questions for applications, such as imaging and free space communications with pulsed laser beams through a turbulent atmosphere. We also compare the results with those used in the optics literature, which are based on the Kolmogorov model of turbulence. We show explicitly that the commonly used approximations for the decorrelation of spatial and spectral components are appropriate for the Kolmogorov model but fail for models with long-range correlations.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2010046
NSF-PAR ID:
10475961
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher / Repository:
SIAP
Date Published:
Journal Name:
SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
Volume:
83
Issue:
1
ISSN:
0036-1399
Page Range / eLocation ID:
25 to 51
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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