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Title: Multifrequency General Relativistic Radiation Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Thin Disks

We present a set of six general relativistic, multifrequency, radiation magnetohydrodynamic simulations of thin accretion disks with different target mass accretion rates around black holes with spins ranging from nonrotating to rapidly spinning. The simulations use theM1closure scheme with 12 independent frequency (or energy) bins ranging logarithmically from 5 × 10−3keV to 5 × 103keV. The multifrequency capability allows us to generate crude spectra and energy-dependent light curves directly from the simulations without a need for special postprocessing. While we generally find roughly thermal spectra with peaks around 1–4 keV, our high-spin cases showed harder-than-expected tails for the soft or thermally dominant state. This leads to radiative efficiencies that are up to five times higher than expected for a Novikov–Thorne disk at the same spin. We attribute these high efficiencies to the high-energy, coronal emission. These coronae mostly occupy the effectively optically thin regions near the inner edges of the disks and also cover or sandwich the inner ∼15GM/c2of the disks.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Medium: X Size: Article No. 59
["Article No. 59"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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    This work was partially supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) Award No. ECCS-1931088. S.L. and H.W.S. acknowledge the support from the Improvement of Measurement Standards and Technology for Mechanical Metrology (Grant No. 22011044) by KRISS.

    Figure 1


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