skip to main content


The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 11:00 PM ET on Friday, July 12 until 9:00 AM ET on Saturday, July 13 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Title: PMNet: Robust Pathloss Map Prediction via Supervised Learning
Pathloss prediction is an essential component of wireless network planning. While ray tracing based methods have been successfully used for many years, they require significant computational effort that may become prohibitive with the increased network densification and/or use of higher frequencies in 5G/B5G (beyond 5G) systems. In this paper, we propose and evaluate a data-driven and model-free pathloss prediction method, dubbed PMNet. This method uses a supervised learning approach: training a neural network (NN) with a limited amount of ray tracing (or channel measurement) data and map data and then predicting the pathloss over location with no ray tracing data with a high level of accuracy. Our proposed pathloss map prediction-oriented NN architecture, which is empowered by state-of-the-art computer vision techniques, outperforms other architectures that have been previously proposed (e.g., UNet, RadioUNet) in terms of accuracy while showing generalization capability. Moreover, PMNet trained on a 4-fold smaller dataset surpasses the other baselines (trained on a 4-fold larger dataset), corroborating the potential of PMNet.1  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Proc. IEEE Globecom
Medium: X
Kuala Lumpur
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. This paper describes our pathloss prediction system submitted to the ICASSP 2023 First Pathloss Radio Map Prediction Challenge. We describe the architecture of PMNet, a neural network we specifically designed for pathloss prediction. Moreover, to enhance the prediction performance, we apply several machine learning techniques, including data augmentation, fine-tuning, and optimization of the network architecture. Our system achieves an RMSE of 0.02569 on the provided RadioMap3Dseer dataset, and 0.0383 on the challenge test set, placing it in the 1st rank of the challenge. 
    more » « less
  2. In this article, we present a low-energy inference method for convolutional neural networks in image classification applications. The lower energy consumption is achieved by using a highly pruned (lower-energy) network if the resulting network can provide a correct output. More specifically, the proposed inference method makes use of two pruned neural networks (NNs), namely mildly and aggressively pruned networks, which are both designed offline. In the system, a third NN makes use of the input data for the online selection of the appropriate pruned network. The third network, for its feature extraction, employs the same convolutional layers as those of the aggressively pruned NN, thereby reducing the overhead of the online management. There is some accuracy loss induced by the proposed method where, for a given level of accuracy, the energy gain of the proposed method is considerably larger than the case of employing any one pruning level. The proposed method is independent of both the pruning method and the network architecture. The efficacy of the proposed inference method is assessed on Eyeriss hardware accelerator platform for some of the state-of-the-art NN architectures. Our studies show that this method may provide, on average, 70% energy reduction compared to the original NN at the cost of about 3% accuracy loss on the CIFAR-10 dataset. 
    more » « less
  3. An interior permanent magnet (IPM) motor is a prime electric motor used in electric vehicles (EVs), robots, and electric drones. In these applications, maximum torque per ampere (MTPA), flux-weakening, and maximum torque per volt (MTPV) techniques play a critical role in the efficient and reliable torque control of an IPM motor. Although several approaches have been proposed and developed for this purpose, each has its specific limitations. The objective of this paper is to develop a neural network (NN) method to determine MTPA, flux-weakening, and MTPV operating points for the most efficient torque control of the motor over its full speed range. The NN is trained offline by using the Levenberg-Marquardt backpropagation algorithm, which avoids the disadvantages associated with online NN training. A cloud computing system is proposed for routine offline NN training, which enables the lifetime adaptivity and learning capabilities of the offline-trained NN and overcomes the computational challenges related to online NN training. In addition, for the proposed NN mechanism, training data are collected and stored in a highly random manner, which makes it much more feasible and efficient to implement lifetime adaptivity than any other methods. The proposed method is evaluated via both simulation and hardware experiments, which shows the great performance of the NN-based MTPA, MTPV, and flux-weakening control for an IPM motor over its full speed range. Overall, the proposed method can achieve a fast and accurate current reference generation with a simple NN structure, for optimal torque control of an IPM motor. 
    more » « less
  4. Millimeter-wave (mmWave) communication is anticipated to provide significant throughout gains in urban scenarios. To this end, network densification is a necessity to meet the high traffic volume generated by smart phones, tablets, and sensory devices while overcoming large pathloss and high blockages at mmWaves frequencies. These denser networks are created with users deploying small mm Wave base stations (BSs) in a plug-and-play fashion. Although, this deployment method provides the required density, the amorphous deployment of BSs needs distributed management. To address this difficulty, we propose a self-organizing method to allocate power to mm Wave BSs in an ultra dense network. The proposed method consists of two parts: clustering using fast local clustering and power allocation via Q-learning. The important features of the proposed method are its scalability and self-organizing capabilities, which are both important features of 5G. Our simulations demonstrate that the introduced method, provides required quality of service (QoS) for all the users independent of the size of the network. 
    more » « less
  5. Predicting protein structure from sequence remains a major open problem in protein biochemistry. One component of predicting complete structures is the prediction of inter-residue contact patterns (contact maps). Here, we discuss protein contact map prediction by machine learning. We describe a novel method for contact map prediction that uses the evolution of logic circuits. These logic circuits operate on feature data and output whether or not two amino acids in a protein are in contact or not. We show that such a method is feasible, and in addition that evolution allows the logic circuits to be trained on the dataset in an unbiased manner so that it can be used in both contact map prediction and the selection of relevant features in a dataset.

    more » « less