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This content will become publicly available on July 12, 2024

Title: Mapping Polar Distortions using Nanobeam Electron Diffraction and a Cepstral Approach

Measuring local polar ordering is key to understanding ferroelectricity in thin films, especially for systems with small domains or significant disorder. Scanning nanobeam electron diffraction (NBED) provides an effective local probe of lattice parameters, local fields, polarization directions, and charge densities, which can be analyzed using a relatively low beam dose over large fields of view. However, quantitatively extracting the magnitudes and directions of polarization vectors from NBED remains challenging. Here, we use a cepstral approach, similar to a pair distribution function, to determine local polar displacements that drive ferroelectricity from NBED patterns. Because polar distortions generate asymmetry in the diffraction pattern intensity, we can efficiently recover the underlying displacements from the imaginary part of the cepstrum transform. We investigate the limits of this technique using analytical and simulated data and give experimental examples, achieving the order of 1.1 pm precision and mapping of polar displacements with nanometer resolution.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Microscopy Society of America
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Microscopy and Microanalysis
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1422 to 1435
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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