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The Late Cretaceous arc flare-up event from 90 to 70 in the Transverse Ranges of the Southern California Batholith was temporally and spatially associated with the development of a large contractional shear system that includes discontinuous segments of the Tumamait shear zone (Mt. Pinos), the Alamo Mountain-Piru Creek shear zone, the Black Belt shear zone (Cucamonga terrane), and the Eastern Peninsular Ranges shear zone. The age and kinematics of these shear zones inform the tectonic setting of the continental arc in Southern California during the beginning of the Laramide orogeny and during postulated large-magnitude dextral translations along the margin (the Baja-BC hypothesis). The Mt. Pinos sector of the Southern California Batholith preserves the intra-arc, transpressional Tumamait shear zone and the ductile-to-brittle Sawmill thrust, both of which record Late Cretaceous deformation. The batholith and shear zone are hosted by Mesoproterozoic biotite gneisses and migmatites (1750-1760 Ma), Neoproterozoic biotite granites (660 Ma), Permo-Triassic granitic gneisses and amphibolite (260-250 Ma), and Late Jurassic granites and gneisses (160-140 Ma). Late Cretaceous rocks are variably deformed and include porphyritic granodiorite gneisses and peraluminous granites emplaced at 86 to 70 Ma. Mylonites of the Tumamait shear zone affect all rocks in the area and generally strike NW-SE and dip moderately to the NE and SW. Mineral stretching lineations plunge shallowly to the SE. Mylonitic fabrics are folded into a regional, SE-plunging synform that results in alternating bands of sinistral and dextral shear fabrics. Syn-kinematic titanites from 5 mylonitic samples give a 720-700°C temperature range, and lower-intercept 206Pb/238U dates of 77.0 Ma, 76.8 Ma, 75.1 Ma, 74.2 Ma, and 74.0 Ma. Subsequent folding of the mylonite is linked to N-directed motion on the Sawmill thrust. 40Ar-39Ar thermochronology ages of 67-66 Ma and onlapping Eocene shales indicate Latest Cretaceous activity on the thrust, prior to Eocene arc collapse. Based on the age of the Tumamait shear zone, we speculate that it is related to sinistral deformation observed in the nearby Alamo Mountain-Piru Creek and the Black Belt shear zones. We attribute the younger Sawmill thrust to collision of the Hess oceanic plateau with the Southern California Batholith after 70 Ma.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2138734 2138733
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Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs
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Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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