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Title: Structural Anisotropy-Driven Atomic Mechanisms of Phase Transformations in the Pt–Sn System
Using in situ atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy, atomic movements and rearrangements associated with diffusive solid to solid phase transformations in the Pt−Sn system are captured to reveal details of the underlying atomistic mechanisms that drive these transformations. In the PtSn4 to PtSn2 phase transformation, a periodic superlattice substructure and a unique intermediate structure precede the nucleation and growth of the PtSn2 phase. At the atomic level, all stages of the transformation are templated by the anisotropic crystal structure of the parent PtSn4 phase. In the case of the PtSn2 to Pt2Sn3 transformation, the anisotropy in the structure of product Pt2Sn3 dictates the path of transformation. Analysis of atomic configurations at the transformation front elucidates the diffusion pathways and lattice distortions required for these phase transformations. Comparison of multiple Pt−Sn phase transformations reveals the structural parameters governing solid to solid phase transformations in this technologically interesting intermetallic system.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2309431 2011401
NSF-PAR ID:
10499525
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
ACS Publications
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Volume:
23
Issue:
16
ISSN:
1530-6984
Page Range / eLocation ID:
7576 to 7583
Subject(s) / Keyword(s):
PtSn4, PtSn2, Pt2Sn3, in situ STEM, atomic resolution, phase transformation
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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