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  1. Successful dopability in AgInTe2requires careful navigation of the compensating intrinsic defects to maximize dopant solubility and efficiency.

     
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  2. Germanium telluride is a high performing thermoelectric material that additionally serves as a base for alloys such as GeTe–AgSbTe 2 and GeTe–PbTe. Such performance motivates exploration of other GeTe alloys in order understand the impact of site substitution on electron and phonon transport. In this work, we consider the root causes of the high thermoelectric performance material Ge 1− x Mn x Te. Along this alloy line, the crystal structure, electronic band structure, and electron and phonon scattering all depend heavily on the Mn content. Structural analysis of special quasirandom alloy structures indicate the thermodynamic stability of the rock salt phase over the rhombohedral phase with increased Mn incorporation. Effective band structure calculations indicate band convergence, the emergence of new valence band maxima, and strong smearing at the band edge with increased Mn content in both phases. High temperature measurements on bulk polycrystalline samples show a reduction in hole mobility and a dramatic increase in effective mass with respect to increasing Mn content. In contrast, synthesis as a function of tellurium chemical potential does not significantly impact electronic properties. Thermal conductivity shows a minimum near the rhombohedral to cubic phase transition, while the Mn Ge point defect scattering is weak as indicated by the low K L dependence on the Ge–Mn fraction (Fig. 10). From this work, alloys near this phase transition show optimal performance due to low thermal conductivity, moderate effective mass, and low scattering rates compared to Mn-rich compositions. 
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  3. Abstract

    AMXcompounds with the ZrBeSi structure tolerate a vacancy concentration of up to 50 % on theM‐site in the planarMX‐layers. Here, we investigate the impact of vacancies on the thermal and electronic properties across the full EuCu1−xZn0.5xSb solid solution. The transition from a fully‐occupied honeycomb layer (EuCuSb) to one with a quarter of the atoms missing (EuZn0.5Sb) leads to non‐linear bond expansion in the honeycomb layer, increasing atomic displacement parameters on theMand Sb‐sites, and significant lattice softening. This, combined with a rapid increase in point defect scattering, causes the lattice thermal conductivity to decrease from 3 to 0.5 W mK−1at 300 K. The effect of vacancies on the electronic properties is more nuanced; we see a small increase in effective mass, large increase in band gap, and decrease in carrier concentration. Ultimately, the maximumzTincreases from 0.09 to 0.7 as we go from EuCuSb to EuZn0.5Sb.

     
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  4. Abstract

    AMXcompounds with the ZrBeSi structure tolerate a vacancy concentration of up to 50 % on theM‐site in the planarMX‐layers. Here, we investigate the impact of vacancies on the thermal and electronic properties across the full EuCu1−xZn0.5xSb solid solution. The transition from a fully‐occupied honeycomb layer (EuCuSb) to one with a quarter of the atoms missing (EuZn0.5Sb) leads to non‐linear bond expansion in the honeycomb layer, increasing atomic displacement parameters on theMand Sb‐sites, and significant lattice softening. This, combined with a rapid increase in point defect scattering, causes the lattice thermal conductivity to decrease from 3 to 0.5 W mK−1at 300 K. The effect of vacancies on the electronic properties is more nuanced; we see a small increase in effective mass, large increase in band gap, and decrease in carrier concentration. Ultimately, the maximumzTincreases from 0.09 to 0.7 as we go from EuCuSb to EuZn0.5Sb.

     
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  5. Diamond like semiconductors (DLS) have emerged as candidates for thermoelectric energy conversion. Towards understanding and optimizing performance, we present a comprehensive investigation of the electronic properties of two DLS phases, quaternary Cu 2 HgGeTe 4 and related ordered vacancy compound Hg 2 GeTe 4 , including thermodynamic stability, defect chemistry, and transport properties. To establish the thermodynamic link between the related but distinct phases, the stability region for both is visualized in chemical potential space. In spite of their similar structure and bonding, we show that the two materials exhibit reciprocal behaviors for dopability. Cu 2 HgGeTe 4 is degenerately p-type in all environments despite its wide stability region, due to the presence of low-energy acceptor defects V Cu and Cu Hg and is resistant to extrinsic n-type doping. Meanwhile Hg 2 GeTe 4 has a narrow stability region and intrinsic behavior due to the relatively high formation energy of native defects, but presents an opportunity for bi-polar doping. While these two compounds have similar structure, bonding, and chemical constituents, the reciprocal nature of their dopability emerges from significant differences in band edge positions. A Brouwer band diagram approach is utilized to visualize the role of native defects on carrier concentrations, dopability, and transport properties. This study elucidates the doping asymmetry between two solid-solution forming DLS phases Cu 2 HgGeTe 4 and Hg 2 GeTe 4 by revealing the defect chemistry of each compound, and suggests design strategies for defect engineering of DLS phases. 
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  6. The optimization and application of new functional materials depends critically on our ability to manipulate the charge carrier density. Despite predictions of good n-type thermoelectric performance in the quaternary telluride diamond-like semiconductors ( e.g. Cu 2 HgGeTe 4 ), our prior experimental survey indicates that the materials exhibit degenerate p-type carrier densities (>10 20 h + cm −3 ) and resist extrinsic n-type doping. In this work, we apply the technique of phase boundary mapping to the Cu 2 HgGeTe 4 system. We begin by creating the quaternary phase diagram through a mixture of literature meta-analysis and experimental synthesis, discovering a new material (Hg 2 GeTe 4 ) in the process. We subsequently find that Hg 2 GeTe 4 and Cu 2 HgGeTe 4 share a full solid solution. An unusual affinity for Cu Hg and Hg Cu formation within Cu 2 HgGeTe 4 leads to a relatively complex phase diagram, rich with off-stoichiometry. Through subsequent probing of the fourteen pertinent composition-invariant points formed by the single-phase region, we achieve carrier density control ranging from degenerate (>10 21 h + cm −3 ) to non-degenerate (<10 17 h + cm −3 ) via manipulation of native defect formation. Furthermore, this work extends the concept of phase boundary mapping into the realm of solid solutions and clearly demonstrates the efficacy of the technique as a powerful experimental tool within complex systems. 
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