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  1. Abstract

    Multiferroic materials have generated great interest due to their potential as functional device materials. Nanocomposites have been increasingly used to design and generate new functionalities by pairing dissimilar ferroic materials, though the combination often introduces new complexity and challenges unforeseeable in single-phase counterparts. The recently developed approaches to fabricate 3D super-nanocomposites (3D‐sNC) open new avenues to control and enhance functional properties. In this work, we develop a new 3D‐sNC with CoFe2O4(CFO) short nanopillar arrays embedded in BaTiO3(BTO) film matrix via microstructure engineering by alternatively depositing BTO:CFO vertically-aligned nanocomposite layers and single-phase BTO layers. This microstructure engineering method allows encapsulating the relative conducting CFO phase by the insulating BTO phase, which suppress the leakage current and enhance the polarization. Our results demonstrate that microstructure engineering in 3D‐sNC offers a new bottom–up method of fabricating advanced nanostructures with a wide range of possible configurations for applications where the functional properties need to be systematically modified.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
  3. Perovskite offers a framework that boasts various functionalities and physical properties of interest such as ferroelectricity, magnetic orderings, multiferroicity, superconductivity, semiconductor, and optoelectronic properties owing to their rich compositional diversity. These properties are also uniquely tied to their crystal distortion which is directly affected by lattice strain. Therefore, many important properties of perovskite can be further tuned through strain engineering which can be accomplished by chemical doping or simply element substitution, interface engineering in epitaxial thin films, and special architectures such as nanocomposites. In this review, we focus on and highlight the structure–property relationships of perovskite metal oxide films and elucidate the principles to manipulate the functionalities through different modalities of strain engineering approaches.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
  6. Abstract Epitaxial vertically aligned nanocomposites (VANs) and their related architectures have shown many intriguing features that are not available from conventional two-dimensional planar multilayers and heterostructures. The ability to control constituent, interface, microstructure, strain, and defects based on VANs has enabled the multiple degrees of freedom to manipulate the optical, magnetic, electrochemical, electronic, ionic, and superconducting properties for specific applications. This field has rapidly expanded from the interest in oxide:oxide to oxide:metal, metal:nitride and nitride:nitride systems. To achieve unparalleled properties of the materials, three-dimensional super-nanocomposites based on a hybrid of VAN and multilayer architectures have been recently explored as well. The challenges and opportunities of VAN films are also discussed in this article.
  7. Here, in ionically conducting Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 TiO 3 (NBT), we explore the link between growth parameters, stoichiometry and resistive switching behavior and show NBT to be a highly tunable system. We show that the combination of oxygen ionic vacancies and low-level electronic conduction is important for controlling Schottky barrier interfacial switching. We achieve a large ON/OFF ratio for high resistance/low resistance ( R HRS / R LRS ), enabled by an almost constant R HRS of ∼10 9 Ω, and composition-tunable R LRS value modulated by growth temperature. R HRS / R LRS ratios of up to 10 4 and pronounced resistive switching at low voltages (SET voltage of <1.2 V without high-voltage electroforming), strong endurance (no change in resistance states after several 10 3 cycles), uniformity, stable switching and fast switching speed are achieved. Of particular interest is that the best performance is achieved at the lowest growth temperature studied (600 °C), which is opposite to the case of most other perovskite oxides for memristors, where higher growth temperatures are required for optimum performance. This is understood based on the oxygen vacancy control of interfacial switching in NBT, whereas a range of other mechanisms (including filamentary switching)more »occur in other perovskites. The study of NBT has enabled us to determine key parameters for achieving high performance memristors.« less