Justice‐involved people experience high levels of housing instability and residential mobility, making the housing search a recurrent part of life. Little is known, however, regarding how criminal record stigma functions in the rental housing market. This article examines how housing providers use criminal records to screen tenants in the rental housing market and whether it varies by type of neighborhood. I conduct an online correspondence audit to test discriminatory behaviors and find an adverse criminal record effect on housing opportunities. Many housing providers disqualify all tenants with a criminal record, even without information about the severity or timing of offenses. The criminal record effect is significantly stronger in gentrifying neighborhoods and in neighborhoods where the proportion of Black residents is dwindling. Tenant screening emerges as a central obstacle faced by the justice‐involved population, vital to understanding the web of disadvantages that traps so many in the wake of the carceral state.
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Abstract 
Abstract Let f : ℙ 1 → ℙ 1 {f:\mathbb{P}^{1}\to\mathbb{P}^{1}} be a map of degree > 1 {>1} defined over a function field k = K ( X ) {k=K(X)} , where K is a number field and X is a projective curve over K . For each point a ∈ ℙ 1 ( k ) {a\in\mathbb{P}^{1}(k)} satisfying a dynamical stability condition, we prove that the Call–Silverman canonical height for specialization f t {f_{t}} at point a t {a_{t}} , for t ∈ X ( ℚ ¯ ) {t\in X(\overline{\mathbb{Q}})} outside a finite set, induces a Weil height on the curve X ; i.e., we prove the existence of a ℚ {\mathbb{Q}} divisor D = D f , a {D=D_{f,a}} on X so that the function t ↦ h ^ f t ( a t )  h D ( t ) {t\mapsto\hat{h}_{f_{t}}(a_{t})h_{D}(t)} is bounded on X ( ℚ ¯ ) {X(\overline{\mathbb{Q}})} for any choice of Weil height associated to D . We also prove a local version, that the local canonical heights t ↦ λ ^ f t , v ( a t ) {t\mapsto\hat{\lambda}_{f_{t},v}(a_{t})} differ from a Weil function for D by a continuous function on X ( ℂ v ) {X(\mathbb{C}_{v})} , at each place v of the number field K . These results were known for polynomial maps f and all points a ∈ ℙ 1 ( k ) {a\in\mathbb{P}^{1}(k)} without the stability hypothesis,[21, 14],and for maps f that are quotients of endomorphisms of elliptic curves E over k and all points a ∈ ℙ 1 ( k ) {a\in\mathbb{P}^{1}(k)} . [32, 29].Finally, we characterize our stability condition in terms of the geometry of the induced map f ~ : X × ℙ 1 ⇢ X × ℙ 1 {\tilde{f}:X\times\mathbb{P}^{1}\dashrightarrow X\times\mathbb{P}^{1}} over K ; and we prove the existence of relative Néron models for the pair ( f , a ) {(f,a)} , when a is a Fatou point at a place γ of k , where the local canonical height λ ^ f , γ ( a ) {\hat{\lambda}_{f,\gamma}(a)} can be computed as an intersection number.more » « less

Let
for\begin{document}$ f_c(z) = z^2+c $\end{document} . We show there exists a uniform upper bound on the number of points in\begin{document}$ c \in {\mathbb C} $\end{document} that can be preperiodic for both\begin{document}$ {\mathbb P}^1( {\mathbb C}) $\end{document} and\begin{document}$ f_{c_1} $\end{document} , for any pair\begin{document}$ f_{c_2} $\end{document} in\begin{document}$ c_1\not = c_2 $\end{document} . The proof combines arithmetic ingredients with complexanalytic: we estimate an adelic energy pairing when the parameters lie in\begin{document}$ {\mathbb C} $\end{document} , building on the quantitative arithmetic equidistribution theorem of Favre and RiveraLetelier, and we use distortion theorems in complex analysis to control the size of the intersection of distinct Julia sets. The proofs are effective, and we provide explicit constants for each of the results.\begin{document}$ \overline{\mathbb{Q}} $\end{document}