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Creators/Authors contains: "Du, Tao"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
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  4. Fluidic devices are crucial components in many industrial applications involving fluid mechanics. Computational design of a high-performance fluidic system faces multifaceted challenges regarding its geometric representation and physical accuracy. We present a novel topology optimization method to design fluidic devices in a Stokes flow context. Our approach is featured by its capability in accommodating a broad spectrum of boundary conditions at the solid-fluid interface. Our key contribution is an anisotropic and differentiable constitutive model that unifies the representation of different phases and boundary conditions in a Stokes model, enabling a topology optimization method that can synthesize novel structures with accurate boundary conditions from a background grid discretization. We demonstrate the efficacy of our approach by conducting several fluidic system design tasks with over four million design parameters. 
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  5. Abstract

    Machine learning (ML) is emerging as a powerful tool to predict the properties of materials, including glasses. Informing ML models with knowledge of how glass composition affects short-range atomic structure has the potential to enhance the ability of composition-property models to extrapolate accurately outside of their training sets. Here, we introduce an approach wherein statistical mechanics informs a ML model that can predict the non-linear composition-structure relations in oxide glasses. This combined model offers an improved prediction compared to models relying solely on statistical physics or machine learning individually. Specifically, we show that the combined model accurately both interpolates and extrapolates the structure of Na2O–SiO2glasses. Importantly, the model is able to extrapolate predictions outside its training set, which is evidenced by the fact that it is able to predict the structure of a glass series that was kept fully hidden from the model during its training.

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