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  1. null (Ed.)
    The weak localization or enhanced backscattering phenomenon has received a lot of attention in the literature. The enhanced backscattering cone refers to the situation that the wave backscattered by a random medium exhibits an enhanced intensity in a narrow cone around the incoming wave direction. This phenomenon can be analyzed by a formal path integral approach. Here a mathematical derivation of this result is given based on a system of equations that describes the second-order moments of the reflected wave. This system derives from a multiscale stochastic analysis of the wave field in the situation with high-frequency waves and propagation through a lossy medium with fine scale random microstructure. The theory identifies a duality relation between the spreading of the wave and the enhanced backscattering cone. It shows how the cone, its regularity and width relate to the statistical structure of the random medium. We discuss how this information in particular can be used to estimate the internal structure of the random medium based on observations of the reflected wave. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    We derive a radiative transfer equation that accounts for coupling from surface waves to body waves and the other way around. The model is the acoustic wave equation in a two-dimensional waveguide with reflecting boundary. The waveguide has a thin, weakly randomly heterogeneous layer near the top surface, and a thick homogeneous layer beneath it. There are two types of modes that propagate along the axis of the waveguide: those that are almost trapped in the thin layer, and thus model surface waves, and those that penetrate deep in the waveguide, and thus model body waves. The remaining modes are evanescent waves. We introduce a mathematical theory of mode coupling induced by scattering in the thin layer, and derive a radiative transfer equation which quantifies the mean mode power exchange.We study the solution of this equation in the asymptotic limit of infinite width of the waveguide. The main result is a quantification of the rate of convergence of the mean mode powers toward equipartition. 
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