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Free, publiclyaccessible full text available May 1, 2024

A bstract We study operators with large charge j in the d dimensional O ( N ) model with long range interactions that decrease with the distance as 1/ r d + s , where s is a continuous parameter. We consider the double scaling limit of large N , large j with $$ j/N=\hat{j} $$ j / N = j ̂ fixed, and identify the semiclassical saddle point that captures the twopoint function of the large charge operators in this limit. The solution is given in terms of certain ladder conformal integrals that have recently appeared in the literature on fishnet models. We find that the scaling dimensions for general s interpolate between $$ {\Delta }_j\sim \frac{\left(ds\right)}{2}j $$ ∆ j ∼ d − s 2 j at small $$ \hat{j} $$ j ̂ and $$ {\Delta }_j\sim \frac{\left(d+s\right)}{2}j $$ ∆ j ∼ d + s 2 j at large $$ \hat{j} $$ j ̂ , which is a qualitatively different behavior from the one found in the short range version of the O ( N ) model. We also derive results for the structure constants and 4point functions with two large charge and one or two finite charge operators. Using a description of the long range models as defects in a higher dimensional local free field theory, we also obtain the scaling dimensions in a complementary way, by mapping the problem to a cylinder in the presence of a chemical potential for the conserved charge.more » « lessFree, publiclyaccessible full text available January 1, 2024

A bstract We study the boundary critical behavior of conformal field theories of interacting fermions in the GrossNeveu universality class. By a Weyl transformation, the problem can be studied by placing the CFT in an anti de Sitter space background. After reviewing some aspects of free fermion theories in AdS, we use both large N methods and the epsilon expansion near 2 and 4 dimensions to study the conformal boundary conditions in the GrossNeveu CFT. At large N and general dimension d , we find three distinct boundary conformal phases. Near four dimensions, where the CFT is described by the WilsonFisher fixed point of the GrossNeveuYukawa model, two of these phases correspond respectively to the choice of Neumann or Dirichlet boundary condition on the scalar field, while the third one corresponds to the case where the bulk scalar field acquires a classical expectation value. One may flow between these boundary critical points by suitable relevant boundary deformations. We compute the AdS free energy on each of them, and verify that its value is consistent with the boundary version of the Ftheorem. We also compute some of the BCFT observables in these theories, including bulk twopoint functions of scalar and fermions, and fourpoint functions of boundary fermions.more » « less

A bstract We study the large charge sector of the defect CFT defined by the halfBPS Wilson loop in planar N = 4 supersymmetric YangMills theory. Specifically, we consider correlation functions of two large charge insertions and several light insertions in the doublescaling limit where the ’t Hooft coupling λ and the large charge J are sent to infinity, with the ratio J/ $$ \sqrt{\lambda } $$ λ held fixed. They are holographically dual to the expectation values of light vertex operators on a classical string solution with large angular momentum, which we evaluate in the leading large J limit. We also compute the twopoint function of large charge insertions by evaluating the onshell string action, supplemented by the boundary terms that generalize the one introduced by Drukker, Gross and Ooguri for the Wilson loop without insertions. For a special class of correlation functions, we reproduce the string results from field theory by using supersymmetric localization. The results are given by correlation functions in an “emergent” matrix model whose matrix size is proportional to J and whose spectral curve coincides with that of the classical string. Similar matrix models appeared in the study of extremal correlators in rank1 $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 2 superconformal field theories, but our results hold also for nonextremal cases.more » « less

A bstract We study monodromy defects in O ( N ) symmetric scalar field theories in d dimensions. After a Weyl transformation, a monodromy defect may be described by placing the theory on S 1 × H d− 1 , where H d− 1 is the hyperbolic space, and imposing on the fundamental fields a twisted periodicity condition along S 1 . In this description, the codimension two defect lies at the boundary of H d− 1 . We first study the general monodromy defect in the free field theory, and then develop the large N expansion of the defect in the interacting theory, focusing for simplicity on the case of N complex fields with a oneparameter monodromy condition. We also use the ϵ expansion in d = 4 − ϵ , providing a check on the large N approach. When the defect has spherical geometry, its expectation value is a meaningful quantity, and it may be obtained by computing the free energy of the twisted theory on S 1 × H d− 1 . It was conjectured that the logarithm of the defect expectation value, suitably multiplied by a dimension dependent sine factor, should decrease under a defect RG flow. We check this conjecture in our examples, both in the free and interacting case, by considering a defect RG flow that corresponds to imposing alternate boundary conditions on one of the lowlying KaluzaKlein modes on H d− 1 . We also show that, adapting standard techniques from the AdS/CFT literature, the S 1 × H d− 1 setup is well suited to the calculation of the defect CFT data, and we discuss various examples, including onepoint functions of bulk operators, scaling dimensions of defect operators, and fourpoint functions of operator insertions on the defect.more » « less

A bstract We study operators in the rank j totally symmetric representation of O ( N ) in the critical O ( N ) model in arbitrary dimension d , in the limit of large N and large charge j with j/N ≡ $$ \hat{j} $$ j ̂ fixed. The scaling dimensions of the operators in this limit may be obtained by a semiclassical saddle point calculation. Using the standard HubbardStratonovich description of the critical O ( N ) model at large N , we solve the relevant saddle point equation and determine the scaling dimensions as a function of d and $$ \hat{j} $$ j ̂ , finding agreement with all existing results in various limits. In 4 < d < 6, we observe that the scaling dimension of the large charge operators becomes complex above a critical value of the ratio j/N , signaling an instability of the theory in that range of d . Finally, we also derive results for the correlation functions involving two “heavy” and one or two “light” operators. In particular, we determine the form of the “heavyheavylight” OPE coefficients as a function of the charges and d .more » « less

null (Ed.)A bstract Using the fact that flat space with a boundary is related by a Weyl transformation to antide Sitter (AdS) space, one may study observables in boundary conformal field theory (BCFT) by placing a CFT in AdS. In addition to correlation functions of local operators, a quantity of interest is the free energy of the CFT computed on the AdS space with hyperbolic ball metric, i.e. with a spherical boundary. It is natural to expect that the AdS free energy can be used to define a quantity that decreases under boundary renormalization group flows. We test this idea by discussing in detail the case of the large N critical O ( N ) model in general dimension d , as well as its perturbative descriptions in the epsilonexpansion. Using the AdS approach, we recover the various known boundary critical behaviors of the model, and we compute the free energy for each boundary fixed point, finding results which are consistent with the conjectured F theorem in a continuous range of dimensions. Finally, we also use the AdS setup to compute correlation functions and extract some of the BCFT data. In particular, we show that using the bulk equations of motion, in conjunction with crossing symmetry, gives an efficient way to constrain bulk twopoint functions and extract anomalous dimensions of boundary operators.more » « less

null (Ed.)A bstract The 1/2BPS Wilson loop in $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 supersymmetric YangMills theory is an important and wellstudied example of conformal defect. In particular, much work has been done for the correlation functions of operator insertions on the Wilson loop in the fundamental representation. In this paper, we extend such analyses to Wilson loops in the largerank symmetric and antisymmetric representations, which correspond to probe D3 and D5 branes with AdS 2 × S 2 and AdS 2 × S 4 worldvolume geometries, ending at the AdS 5 boundary along a onedimensional contour. We first compute the correlation functions of protected scalar insertions from supersymmetric localization, and obtain a representation in terms of multiple integrals that are similar to the eigenvalue integrals of the random matrix, but with important differences. Using ideas from the Fermi Gas formalism and the Clustering method, we evaluate their large N limit exactly as a function of the ’t Hooft coupling. The results are given by simple integrals of polynomials that resemble the Q functions of the Quantum Spectral Curve, with integration measures depending on the number of insertions. Next, we study the correlation functions of fluctuations on the probe D3 and D5 branes in AdS. We compute a selection of three and fourpoint functions from perturbation theory on the Dbranes, and show that they agree with the results of localization when restricted to supersymmetric kinematics. We also explain how the difference of the internal geometries of the D3 and D5 branes manifests itself in the localization computation.more » « less

null (Ed.)A bstract We revisit the problem of matching the strong coupling expansion of the $$ \frac{1}{2} $$ 1 2 BPS circular Wilson loops in $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 SYM and ABJM gauge theories with their string theory duals in AdS 5 × S 5 and AdS 4 × CP 3 , at the first subleading (oneloop) order of the expansion around the minimal surface. We observe that, including the overall factor 1/ g s of the inverse string coupling constant, as appropriate for the open string partition function with disk topology, and a universal prefactor proportional to the square root of the string tension T , both the SYM and ABJM results precisely match the string theory prediction. We provide an explanation of the origin of the $$ \sqrt{T} $$ T prefactor based on special features of the combination of oneloop determinants appearing in the string partition function. The latter also implies a natural generalization Z χ ∼ ( $$ \sqrt{T}/{g}_{\mathrm{s}} $$ T / g s ) χ to higher genus contributions with the Euler number χ , which is consistent with the structure of the 1/ N corrections found on the gauge theory side.more » « less