skip to main content

Attention:

The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 5:00 PM ET until 11:00 PM ET on Friday, June 21 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.


Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Gonultas, Emre"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Recent channel state information (CSI)-based positioning pipelines rely on deep neural networks (DNNs) in order to learn a mapping from estimated CSI to position. Since real-world communication transceivers suffer from hardware impairments, CSI-based positioning systems typically rely on features that are designed by hand. In this paper, we propose a CSI-based positioning pipeline that directly takes raw CSI measurements and learns features using a structured DNN in order to generate probability maps describing the likelihood of the transmitter being at pre-defined grid points. To further improve the positioning accuracy of moving user equipments, we propose to fuse a time-series of learned CSI features or a time-series of probability maps. To demonstrate the efficacy of our methods, we perform experiments with real-world indoor line-of-sight (LoS) and nonLoS channel measurements. We show that CSI feature learning and time-series fusion can reduce the mean distance error by up to 2.5× compared to the state-of-the-art. 
    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
    Channel state information (CSI)-based fingerprinting via neural networks (NNs) is a promising approach to enable accurate indoor and outdoor positioning of user equipments (UEs), even under challenging propagation conditions. In this paper, we propose a positioning pipeline for wireless LAN MIMO-OFDM systems which uses uplink CSI measurements obtained from one or more unsynchronized access points (APs). For each AP receiver, novel features are first extracted from the CSI that are robust to system impairments arising in real-world transceivers. These features are the inputs to a NN that extracts a probability map indicating the likelihood of a UE being at a given grid point. The NN output is then fused across multiple APs to provide a final position estimate. We provide experimental results with real-world indoor measurements under line-of-sight (LoS) and non-LoS propagation conditions for an 80 MHz bandwidth IEEE 802.11ac system using a two-antenna transmit UE and two AP receivers each with four antennas. Our approach is shown to achieve centimeter-level median distance error, an order of magnitude improvement over a conventional baseline. 
    more » « less
  3. Channel charting is an emerging technology that enables self-supervised pseudo-localization of user equipments by performing dimensionality reduction on large channel-state information (CSI) databases that are passively collected at infrastructure base stations or access points. In this paper, we introduce a new dimensionality reduction method specifically designed for channel charting using a novel split triplet loss, which utilizes physical information available during the CSI acquisition process. In addition, we propose a novel regularizer that exploits the physical concept of inertia, which significantly improves the quality of the learned channel charts. We provide an experimental verification of our methods using synthetic and real-world measured CSI datasets, and we demonstrate that our methods are able to outperform the state-of-the-art in channel charting based on the triplet loss. 
    more » « less
  4. null (Ed.)
    Massive multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) wireless systems operating at millimeter-wave (mmWave) frequencies enable simultaneous wideband data transmission to a large number of users. In order to reduce the complexity of MU precoding in all-digital basestation architectures that equip each antenna element with a pair of data converters, we propose a two-stage precoding architecture which first generates a sparse precoding matrix in the beamspace domain, followed by an inverse fast Fourier transform that converts the result to the antenna domain. The sparse precoding matrix requires a small amount of multipliers and enables regular hardware architectures, which allows the design of hardware-efficient all-digital precoders. Simulation results demonstrate that our methods approach the error-rate performance of conventional Wiener filter precoding with more than 2x lower complexity. 
    more » « less
  5. Cognitive radio aims at identifying unused radio-frequency (RF) bands with the goal of re-using them opportunistically for other services. While compressive sensing (CS) has been used to identify strong signals (or interferers) in the RF spectrum from sub-Nyquist measurements, identifying unused frequencies from CS measurements appears to be uncharted territory. In this paper, we propose a novel method for identifying unused RF bands using an algorithm we call least matching pursuit (LMP). We present a sufficient condition for which LMP is guaranteed to identify unused frequency bands and develop an improved algorithm that is inspired by our theoretical result. We perform simulations for a CS-based RF whitespace detection task in order to demonstrate that LMP is able to outperform black-box approaches that build on deep neural networks. 
    more » « less
  6. Channel charting (CC) has been proposed recently to enable logical positioning of user equipments (UEs) in the neighborhood of a multi-antenna base-station solely from channel-state information (CSI). CC relies on dimensionality reduction of high-dimensional CSI features in order to construct a channel chart that captures spatial and radio geometries so that UEs close in space are close in the channel chart. In this paper, we demonstrate that autoencoder (AE)-based CC can be augmented with side information that is obtained during the CSI acquisition process. More specifically, we propose to include pairwise representation constraints into AEs with the goal of improving the quality of the learned channel charts. We show that such representation-constrained AEs recover the global geometry of the learned channel charts, which enables CC to perform approximate positioning without global navigation satellite systems or supervised learning methods that rely on extensive and expensive measurement campaigns. 
    more » « less