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  1. Abstract

    Chiral single photons are highly sought to enhance encoding capacities or enable propagation-dependent routing in nonreciprocal devices. Unfortunately, most semiconductor quantum emitters (QEs) produce only linear polarized photons unless external magnets are applied. Magnetic proximity coupling utilizing 2D ferromagnets promises to make bulky external fields obsolete. Here we directly grow Fe-doped MoS2(Fe:MoS2) via chemical vapor deposition that displays pronounced hard ferromagnetic properties even in monolayer form. This approach with monolayer ferromagnets enables full utilization of the strain from the pillar stressor to form QE in WSe2deterministically. The Fe:MoS2/WSe2heterostructures display strong hysteretic magneto-response and high-purity chiral single photons with a circular polarization degree of 92 ± 1% (74% average) without external magnetic fields. Furthermore, the chiral single photons are robust against uncontrolled twist-angle and external stray-fields. This ability to manipulate quantum states and transform linear polarized photons into high-purity chiral photons on-chip enables nonreciprocal device integration in quantum photonics.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 8, 2024
  4. Abstract The bandwidth-tuned Wigner-Mott transition is an interaction-driven phase transition from a generalized Wigner crystal to a Fermi liquid. Because the transition is generally accompanied by both magnetic and charge-order instabilities, it remains unclear if a continuous Wigner-Mott transition exists. Here, we demonstrate bandwidth-tuned metal-insulator transitions at fixed fractional fillings of a MoSe 2 /WS 2 moiré superlattice. The bandwidth is controlled by an out-of-plane electric field. The dielectric response is probed optically with the 2s exciton in a remote WSe 2 sensor layer. The exciton spectral weight is negligible for the metallic state with a large negative dielectric constant. It continuously vanishes when the transition is approached from the insulating side, corresponding to a diverging dielectric constant or a ‘dielectric catastrophe’ driven by the critical charge dynamics near the transition. Our results support the scenario of continuous Wigner-Mott transitions in two-dimensional triangular lattices and stimulate future explorations of exotic quantum phases in their vicinities.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 5, 2024
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  7. Abstract The electronic and structural properties of atomically thin materials can be controllably tuned by assembling them with an interlayer twist. During this process, constituent layers spontaneously rearrange themselves in search of a lowest energy configuration. Such relaxation phenomena can lead to unexpected and novel material properties. Here, we study twisted double trilayer graphene (TDTG) using nano-optical and tunneling spectroscopy tools. We reveal a surprising optical and electronic contrast, as well as a stacking energy imbalance emerging between the moiré domains. We attribute this contrast to an unconventional form of lattice relaxation in which an entire graphene layer spontaneously shifts position during assembly, resulting in domains of ABABAB and BCBACA stacking. We analyze the energetics of this transition and demonstrate that it is the result of a non-local relaxation process, in which an energy gain in one domain of the moiré lattice is paid for by a relaxation that occurs in the other.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  8. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 28, 2023
  9. Light carries both spin angular momentum (SAM) and orbital angular momentum (OAM), which can be used as potential degrees of freedom for quantum information processing. Quantum emitters are ideal candidates towards on-chip control and manipulation of the full SAM–OAM state space. Here, we show coupling of a spin-polarized quantum emitter in a monolayerWSe2with the whispering gallery mode of aSi3N4ring resonator. The cavity mode carries a transverse SAM ofσ<#comment/>=±<#comment/>1in the evanescent regions, with the sign depending on the orbital power flow direction of the light. By tailoring the cavity–emitter interaction, we couple the intrinsic spin state of the quantum emitter to the SAM and propagation direction of the cavity mode, which leads to spin–orbit locking and subsequent chiral single-photon emission. Furthermore, by engineering how light is scattered from the WGM, we create a high-order Bessel beam which opens up the possibility to generate optical vortex carrying OAM states.

  10. Nodal-line metals allow hyperbolic infrared waveguiding through the bulk with band structure–engineered loss reduction.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 28, 2023