skip to main content


Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Huang, Jinsong"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Organometal halide perovskites are promising materials for optoelectronic applications, whose commercial realization depends critically on their stability under multiple environmental factors.

     
    more » « less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025
  2. Stabilizing perovskite solar cells requires consideration of all defective sites in the devices. Substantial efforts have been devoted to interfaces, while stabilization of grain boundaries received less attention. Here, we report on a molecule tributyl(methyl)phosphonium iodide (TPI), which can convert perovskite into a wide bandgap one-dimensional (1D) perovskite that is mechanically robust and water insoluble. Mixing TPI with perovskite precursor results in a wrapping of perovskite grains with both grain surfaces and grain boundaries converted into several nanometer-thick 1D perovskites during the grain formation process as observed by direct mapping. The grain wrapping passivates the grain boundaries, enhances their resistance to moisture, and reduces the iodine released during light soaking. The perovskite films with wrapped grains are more stable under heat and light. The best device with wrapped grains maintained 92.2% of its highest efficiency after light soaking under 1-sun illumination for 1900 hours at 55°C open-circuit condition.

     
    more » « less
  3. Reduced open-voltage deficit and enhanced light absorption enable bifacial tandem device with equivalent efficiency of 29.3% 
    more » « less
  4. Understanding carrier recombination processes in metal halide perovskites is fundamentally important to further improving the efficiency of perovskite solar cells, yet the accurate recombination velocity at grain boundaries (GBs) has not been determined. Here, we report the determination of carrier recombination velocities at GBs (SGB) of polycrystalline perovskites by mapping the transient photoluminescence pattern change induced by the nonradiative recombination of carriers at GBs. Charge recombination at GBs is revealed to be even stronger than at surfaces of unpassivated films, with averageSGBreaching 2200 to 3300 cm/s. Regular surface treatments do not passivate GBs because of the absence of contact at GBs. We find a surface treatment using tributyl(methyl)phosphonium dimethyl phosphate that can penetrate into GBs by partially dissolving GBs and converting it into one-dimensional perovskites. It reduces the averageSGBby four times, with the lowestSGBof 410 cm/s, which is comparable to surface recombination velocities after passivation.

     
    more » « less
  5. Abstract Perovskite photovoltaics are gaining increasing common ground to partner with or compete with silicon photovoltaics to reduce cost of solar energy. However, a cost-effective waste management for toxic lead (Pb), which might determine the fate of this technology, has not been developed yet. Here, we report an end-of-life material management for perovskite solar modules to recycle toxic lead and valuable transparent conductors to protect the environment and create dramatic economic benefits from recycled materials. Lead is separated from decommissioned modules by weakly acidic cation exchange resin, which could be released as soluble Pb(NO 3 ) 2 followed by precipitation as PbI 2 for reuse, with a recycling efficiency of 99.2%. Thermal delamination disassembles the encapsulated modules with intact transparent conductors and cover glasses. The refabricated devices based on recycled lead iodide and recycled transparent conductors show comparable performance as devices based on fresh raw materials. Cost analysis shows this recycling technology is economically attractive. 
    more » « less
  6. Thermal evaporation is an important technique for fabricating methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3), but the process is complicated by the need to co-evaporate methylammonium iodide (MAI) and PbI2. In this work, the effect of water vapor during the thermal deposition of MAPbI3 was investigated under high vacuum. The evaporation process was monitored with a residual gas analyzer (RGA), and the film quality was examined with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The investigations showed that during evaporation, MAI decomposed while PbI2 evaporated as a whole compound. It was found that the residual water vapor reacted with one of the MAI-dissociated products. The higher iodine ratio suggests that the real MAI flux was higher than the reading from the QCM. The XPS analysis demonstrated that the residual water vapor may alter the elemental ratios of C, N, and I in thermally deposited MAPbI3. Morphologic properties were investigated with atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). It was observed that a sample grown with high water vapor pressure had a roughened surface and poor film quality. Therefore, an evaporation environment with water vapor pressure below 10−8 Torr is needed to fabricate high quality perovskite films. 
    more » « less
  7. Despite the high-efficiency and low-cost prospect for perovskite solar cells, great concerns of lead toxicity and instability remain for this technology. Here, we report an encapsulation strategy for perovskite modules based on lead-adsorbing ionogel, which prevents lead leakage and withstand long-term stability tests. The ionogel layers integrated on both sides of modules enhance impact resistance. The self-healable ionogel can prevent water permeation into the perovskite layer and adsorb lead that might leak. The encapsulated devices pass the damp heat and thermal cycling accelerated stability tests according to International Electrotechnical Commission 61215 standard. The ionogel encapsulation reduces lead leakage to undetectable level after the hail-damaged module is soaked in water for 24 hours. Even being rolled over by a car followed by water soaking for 45 days, the ionogel encapsulation reduces lead leakage by three orders of magnitude. This work provides a strategy to simultaneously address lead leakage and stability for perovskite modules. 
    more » « less