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  1. Abstract The circumgalactic medium (CGM) plays a vital role in the formation and evolution of galaxies, acting as a lifeline between galaxies and the surrounding intergalactic medium. In this study, we leverage a unique sample of quasar pairs to investigate the properties of the CGM with absorption line tomography. We present a new sample of medium-resolution Keck/ESI, Magellan/MagE, and VLT/XSHOOTER spectra of 29 quasar pairs at redshift 2 < z < 3. We supplement the sample with additional spectra of 32 pairs from the literature, creating a catalog of 61 quasar pairs with angular separations between 1.″7 and 132.″9 andmore »projected physical separations ( r ⊥ ) between 14 kpc and 887 kpc. We construct a catalog of 906 metal-line absorption doublets of C iv ( λλ 1548, 1550) with equivalent widths ranging from 6 m Å ≤ W r ,1550 ≤ 2053 m Å. The best-fit linear model to the log-space equivalent width frequency distribution ( log f ( W r ) = m log ( W r ) + b ) of the sample yields coefficients of m = −1.44 ± 0.16 and b = −0.43 ± 0.16. To constrain the projected extent of C iv , we calculate the transverse autocorrelation function. The flattening of the autocorrelation function at low r ⊥ provides a lower limit for the coherence length of the metal enriched CGM—on the order of 200 h −1 comoving kpc. This physical size constraint allows us to refine our understanding of the metals in the CGM, where the extent of C iv in the CGM depends on gas flows, feedback, timescale of metal injection and mixing, and the mass of the host galaxies.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 14, 2023
  2. Abstract We present a high-resolution analysis of the host galaxy of fast radio burst (FRB) 190608, an SB(r)c galaxy at z = 0.11778 (hereafter HG 190608), to dissect its local environment and its contributions to the FRB properties. Our Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 ultraviolet and visible light image reveals that the subarcsecond localization of FRB 190608 is coincident with a knot of star formation (Σ SFR = 1.5 × 10 −2 M ⊙ yr −1 kpc −2 ) in the northwest spiral arm of HG 190608. Using H β emission present in our Keck Cosmic Web Imagermore »integral field spectrum of the galaxy with a surface brightness of μ H β = ( 3.36 ± 0.21 ) × 10 − 17 erg s − 1 cm − 2 arcsec − 2 , we infer an extinction-corrected H α surface brightness and compute a dispersion measure (DM) from the interstellar medium of HG 190608 of DM Host,ISM = 94 ± 38 pc cm −3 . The galaxy rotates with a circular velocity v circ = 141 ± 8 km s −1 at an inclination i gas = 37° ± 3°, giving a dynamical mass M halo dyn ≈ 10 11.96 ± 0.08 M ⊙ . This implies a halo contribution to the DM of DM Host,Halo = 55 ± 25 pc cm −3 subject to assumptions on the density profile and fraction of baryons retained. From the galaxy rotation curve, we infer a bar-induced pattern speed of Ω p = 34 ± 6 km s −1 kpc −1 using linear resonance theory. We then calculate the maximum time since star formation for a progenitor using the furthest distance to the arm’s leading edge within the localization, and find t enc = 21 − 6 + 25 Myr. Unlike previous high-resolution studies of FRB environments, we find no evidence of disturbed morphology, emission, or kinematics for FRB 190608.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 29, 2022