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  1. Abstract

    This paper highlights the overall endeavors of the NSF AI Institute for Future Edge Networks and Distributed Intelligence (AI‐EDGE) to create a research, education, knowledge transfer, and workforce development environment for developing technological leadership in next‐generation edge networks (6G and beyond) and artificial intelligence (AI). The research objectives of AI‐EDGE are twofold: “AI for Networks” and “Networks for AI.” The former develops new foundational AI techniques to revolutionize technologies for next‐generation edge networks, while the latter develops advanced networking techniques to enhance distributed and interconnected AI capabilities at edge devices. These research investigations are conducted across eight symbiotic thrust areas that work together to address the main challenges towards those goals. Such a synergistic approach ensures a virtuous research cycle so that advances in one area will accelerate advances in the other, thereby paving the way for a new generation of networks that are not only intelligent but also efficient, secure, self‐healing, and capable of solving large‐scale distributed AI challenges. This paper also outlines the institute's endeavors in education and workforce development, as well as broadening participation and enforcing collaboration.

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  2. We study the market structure for emerging distribution-level energy markets with high renewable energy penetration. Renewable generation is known to be uncertain and has a close-to-zero marginal cost. In this paper, we use solar energy as an example of such zero-marginal-cost resources for our focused study. We first show that, under high penetration of solar generation, the classical real-time market mechanism can either exhibit significant price-volatility (when each firm is not allowed to vary the supply quantity), or induce price-fixing (when each firm is allowed to vary the supply quantity), the latter of which leads to extreme unfairness of surplus division. To overcome these issues, we propose a new rental-market mechanism that trades the usage-right of solar panels instead of real-time solar energy. We show that the rental market produces a stable and unique price (therefore eliminating price-volatility), maintains positive surplus for both consumers and firms (therefore eliminating price-fixing), and achieves the same social welfare as the traditional real-time market. A key insight is that rental markets turn uncertainty of renewable generation from a detrimental factor (that leads to price-volatility in real-time markets) to a beneficial factor (that increases demand elasticity and contributes to the desirable rental-market outcomes). 
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